Kudirkos Naumiestis

Kudirkos Naumiestis (pronunciation ) is in the Šakiai district municipality, Lithuania. It is located 25 km (16 mi) south-west of Šakiai.

Kudirkos Naumiestis
City

Coat of arms
Kudirkos Naumiestis
Location of Kudirkos Naumiestis
Coordinates: 54°46′0″N 22°52′0″E
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSuvalkija
County Marijampolė County
MunicipalityŠakiai district municipality
EldershipKudirkos Naumiestis eldership
Capital ofKudirkos Naumiestis eldership
First mentioned1561
Granted city rights1643
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,911
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The settlement was first mentioned in 1561 as a village called Duoliebaičiai. In 1639 the town was renamed Vladislavovas (Polish: Władysławów) by Cecilia Renata of Austria after her husband Władysław IV Vasa. He granted the town Magdeburg rights in 1643. However, the name did not achieve popular usage, and the settlement became known as "a town" or "a new town" instead. The German name Neustadt Schirwindt is derived from the former town of Schirwindt, today a small military village called Kutuzovo, which lay just across the border. In 1900 the town began being referred to as Naumiestis (New Town). In 1934 the town was renamed Kudirkos Naumiestis in honor of the Lithuanian patriot, Vincas Kudirka, who lived there from 1895 to 1899. A well-organized Jewish community also lived in there and produced a number of prominent rabbis and Jewish scholars. Its name in Yiddish was נײַשטאָט־שאַקי (Nayshtot-Shaki). Before World War II the town had about 3,000 Jewish residents. Journalist and writer Herman Bernstein was born here in 1876 and Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, who would become a prominent American Jewish leader, was born here in 1893.

In 1941, an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian collaborators murdered the local Jewish population in mass executions,[1][2][3] Hundreds of people were massacred.

Pranas Sederevičius

Kudirkos Naumiestis was the home of Pranas Sederevičius (1905-1979), who created sculptures from concrete in his back garden. He started making his concrete artworks in 1951.

References

  1. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.
  2. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.
  3. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.