Coat of arms
Location in the Czech Republic
|Coordinates: 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E|
|• Mayor||Roman Kotilínek|
|• Total||81.35 km2 (31.41 sq mi)|
|Elevation||514 m (1,686 ft)|
|• Density||83/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town is situated on the southern slopes of the eastern reaches of the Ore Mountains, some 5 km from the neighbouring German town of Klingenthal. It lies in an area known for swarm type seismic activity. The last strong earthquake swarm was in 1986.
German monks from Waldsassen Abbey in Bavaria were the first to settle the upper Svatava valley in the 12th century. The town was granted regal city status by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV in 1370. In 1944 a women's subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was established here. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 and the town was resettled with Czechs.
The roots of the name derive from the medieval German "Graz", meaning pine forest. Many variants were used throughout the town's history: Greselin, Zum Greselin, Gresslens, Gresslas, Gresslitz, Graeslitz and Graslitz. The Czech name is a transliteration of the last used German name.
Graslitz had 13,936 inhabitants on 1 December 1930, 6,294 inhabitants 22 May 1947 and currently has some 7,000 inhabitants – a significant decrease from the pre-Second World War population figure of around 20,000, due to the expulsion of the German-speaking population after that war.
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
- Nehybka, V; Skácelová, Z (2000). "Results of seismological measurements by the Kraslice network in the period 1991–1998". Exploration Geophysics, Remote Sensing and Environment. 7 (1–2): 18–28.
|Wikisource has several original texts related to: Kraslice|