Kraslice

Kraslice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkraslɪtsɛ]; German: Graslitz) is a town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

Kraslice

Graslitz
Town
Town hall

Flag

Coat of arms
Kraslice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E
CountryCzech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictSokolov
First mentioned1272
Government
  MayorRoman Kotilínek
Area
  Total81.35 km2 (31.41 sq mi)
Elevation
514 m (1,686 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
  Total6,749
  Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
358 01
Websitewww.kraslice.cz

Geography

The town is situated on the southern slopes of the eastern reaches of the Ore Mountains, some 5 km from the neighbouring German town of Klingenthal. It lies in an area known for swarm type seismic activity. The last strong earthquake swarm was in 1986.[2]

The city lies on railway line No 145 from Sokolov to Klingenthal. Passenger services are provided by the railway company of GW Train Regio.

History

German monks from Waldsassen Abbey in Bavaria were the first to settle the upper Svatava valley in the 12th century. The town was granted regal city status by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV in 1370. In 1944 a women's subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was established here. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 and the town was resettled with Czechs.

Etymology

The roots of the name derive from the medieval German "Graz", meaning pine forest. Many variants were used throughout the town's history: Greselin, Zum Greselin, Gresslens, Gresslas, Gresslitz, Graeslitz and Graslitz. The Czech name is a transliteration of the last used German name.

Population

Graslitz had 13,936 inhabitants on 1 December 1930, 6,294 inhabitants 22 May 1947 and currently has some 7,000 inhabitants a significant decrease from the pre-Second World War population figure of around 20,000, due to the expulsion of the German-speaking population after that war.

Notable people

Partner cities

References

  1. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. Nehybka, V; Skácelová, Z (2000). "Results of seismological measurements by the Kraslice network in the period 1991–1998". Exploration Geophysics, Remote Sensing and Environment. 7 (1–2): 18–28.


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