Kouvola (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈkou̯wolɑ]) is a city and municipality in southeastern Finland. It is located on the Kymijoki River in the region of Kymenlaakso and 134 kilometres (83 mi) northeast of the capital, Helsinki.
City of Kouvola
Pedestrian zone Manski in downtown Kouvola
Coat of arms
"Ihmeen hieno kaupunki." (A surprisingly fine town.)
Location of Kouvola in Finland
|Coordinates: 60°52′05″N 026°42′15″E|
|• City manager||Marita Toikka|
|• City||2,883.30 km2 (1,113.25 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,558.24 km2 (987.74 sq mi)|
|• Water||325.06 km2 (125.51 sq mi)|
|Area rank||22nd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||10th largest in Finland|
|• Density||32.5/km2 (84/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||267/km2 (690/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||15.1%|
|• 15 to 64||65.1%|
|• 65 or older||19.8%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20%|
The city has a population of 83,149 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 2,883.30 square kilometres (1,113.25 sq mi) of which 325.06 km2 (125.51 sq mi) is water. The population density is 32.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (84/sq mi).
The village of Kouvola has been inhabited since the Middle Ages, and it has belonged alternately to the churches of Hollola, Iitti and Valkeala. However, the actual development did not start until the 1870s when the Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg line was built and Kouvola became a railway junction. Kouvola railroad built Kymin mill founder Axel Wilhelm Wahren railway administration by on application, on the basis of the track engineers decided to recommend the creation of a fifth-end position in a half mile east of the variable alert Otava with acceptance on sandy soil on fabric. In the next decade, Savo was built from Kouvola to the north and Kotka line south of Kouvola, resulting in Kouvola becoming one of the busiest railway junctions in Finland.
In 1918, conflict between the Red and White factions raged heavily during the Finnish Civil War. More than 200 people were killed in the area during the fighting.
As a result of the railway, Kouvola was heavily built. In 1922 it was separated from the municipality of Valkeala and gained commercial rights immediately the following year. The city of Kouvola was established in 1960.
In January 2009, the six municipalities of Kouvola, Kuusankoski, Elimäki, Anjalankoski, Valkeala and Jaala were consolidated, forming the new municipality of Kouvola. Kouvola has also assumed the slogan Kymijoen kaupunki (the town of Kymijoki) previously used by Anjalankoski.
- The name itself derives from Old Finnish kouvo, meaning bear. The arms are Sable, an escarbuncle Or, base wavy Argent.
- Near Kouvola is the Verla factory, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The newspapers Kouvolan Sanomat and Keskilaakso are published in Kouvola.
- In Kouvola is also an Amusement park, called Tykkimäki. Which is the third largest in Finland.
The Kouvola City Council has 59 delegates. Its seat allocation in 2017-2020:
|Social Democratic Party||16|
|National Coalition Party||13|
Kouvola is the hometown of the Sudet sports club, which became Finnish champions in bandy six consecutive times, and they have a football team which is playing at the third highest level, Kolmonen, despite Sudet being one of the oldest football clubs in Finland. KooKoo is the most successful ice hockey team in Kymenlaakso. It plays in the Finnish top league, SM-liiga. Kouvolan Pallonlyöjät (KPL) is a baseball team based in Kouvola and known for Pesäpallo. KPL was won five Finnish championships and it plays in the Finnish top league, Superpesis. Kouvot is a basketball team based in Kouvola. the team plays in the highest level Korisliiga and has won four Finnish championships.
MyPa is one of the most successful football clubs in Finland and the 1990s was the golden era. MyPa is played 23 seasons in the Finnish top football league Veikkausliiga. MyPa are based in the industrial village of Myllykoski, part of the city of Kouvola. The club became inactive in professional football after having ceased operations in 2015 due to financial difficulties. In 2017, MyPa returned but is currently playing in the fourth highest level, Kakkonen. Kouvola also has a Palomäki Ski Jump Center, very close to the city, where young people and other sports enthusiasts can go to jump on a ski jump.
Well-known people born in Kouvola
- Arto Bryggare (Former hurdling athlete)
- Timo Susi (Former ice hockey player)
- Jarkko A. Immonen (Current ice hockey player)
- Mika Saukkonen (Journalist and news reader in MTV3)
- Jari Lindström (Finnish politician)
- Kaarle Viikate (Finnish musician and metal band Founder of the Viikate)
- Juhani Aaltonen (Jazz saxophonist and flautist)
- Roope Tonteri (Finnish snowboarder)
- Hannu Salama (Finnish author)
- Ari Koivunen (Heavy metal singer)
- Ville Nousiainen (cross country skier)
- Toni Gardemeister (Professional rally driver)
- Niilo Halonen (Former ski jumper)
- Leena Tirronen (Singer and half band Founder of the Norma John)
- Timo Lahti (Speedway driver)
- Aleksanteri Hakaniemi (singer and youtuber)
- Juuso Karikuusi (youtuber)
- Janni Hussi (fitness model)
- Jorma V. T. Hirvonen (man became famous from internet meme "Raivokas Risunjemmaaja", where he got a nickname "Risumies")
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Kouvolan kaupunki". Website of Kouvola. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- "Kansainvälinen Kouvola" (in Finnish). City of Kouvola. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
- The official website of Kouvola
- Kouvola Tourist Office
Kouvola travel guide from Wikivoyage
- h2g2.com on Kouvola
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kouvola.|