Kinai (畿内, Capital Region) is a Japanese term denoting an ancient division of the country. Kinai is a name for the ancient provinces around the capital Nara and Heian-kyō.[1] The five provinces were called go-kinai after 1760.[2]

The name is still used to describe part of the Kansai region, but the area of the Kinai corresponds only generally to the land of the old provinces.[1]

The region was established as one of the Gokishichidō ("Five provinces and seven roads") during the Asuka period (538-710). It consisted of Yamashiro, Yamato, Settsu, Kawachi, and Izumi provinces.[2]

See also


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kinai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 521, p. 521, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Gokishichidō" in at p. 255, p. 255, at Google Books.


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

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