Khabash, also Khababash or Khabbash, resided at Sais in the fifth nome of Lower Egypt in the fourth century BCE. During the second Persian occupation of Egypt (343–332 BCE) he led a revolt against the Persian rule in concert with his eldest son, from ca. 338 to 335 BCE, a few years before the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great.[5] It is said that Nectanebo II, the exiled last native ruler of Egypt, may have helped in these events, but he was possibly sidelined for good as a result of the failure of the revolt.

Little is known about Khabash. He is referred to as "Lord of both lands",[6] i.e. King of Upper and Lower Egypt, and as "Son of Ra", another pharaonic title, and given the throne name of Senen-setep-en-Ptah in a decree by Ptolemy Lagides,[7] who became King Ptolemy I Soter in 305 BCE.

Sometime in the 330s BCE, an Egyptian ruler called Kambasuten – who is widely recognized as Khabash – led an invasion into the kingdom of Kush which was defeated by king Nastasen as recorded in a stela now in the Berlin museum. An Apis bull sarcophagus bearing his name was found at Saqqara[8] and dated to his regnal Year 2.[9]


  1. Henri Gauthier, Le Livre des rois d'Égypte, IV, (=MIFAO 20), Cairo, 1916, p. 139 (here misinterpreted as Cambyses II).
  2. Henri Gauthier, Le Livre des rois d'Égypte, IV, (=MIFAO 20), Cairo, 1916, p. 139 (here misinterpreted as Cambyses II).
  3. Placed in this dynasty only for chronological reasons, as he was not related to the Achaemenids.
  4. Henri Gauthier, op. cit., p. 196.
  5. Phiroze Vasunia, The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, University of California Press 2001, p.266
  6. Records of the Past Being English Translations of the Assyrian and Egyptian Monuments, Adamant Media Corporation 2001, p.73
  7. The decree of Ptolemy Lagides
  8. Karl Baedeker, Egypt, Adamant Media Corporation 2000. p.130
  9. Samuel Birch, Ancient history from the monuments. Egypt from the earliest times to B.C. 300, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 1883, p.189
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