Jupiter is the northernmost town in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. According to a 2018 Census Bureau estimate, the town had a population of 65,524. It is 87 miles north of Miami, and the northernmost community in the Miami metropolitan area, home to 6,012,331 people in a 2015 Census Bureau estimate. Jupiter was rated as the 12th Best Beach Town in America by WalletHub in 2018, and as the 9th Happiest Seaside Town in America by Coastal Living in 2012.
Location of Jupiter in Palm Beach County, Florida
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 26°55′34″N 80°6′18″W|
|Incorporated||February 9, 1925|
|• Mayor||Todd R. Wodraska (R)|
|• Vice Mayor||Wayne R. Posner|
|• Councilmembers||Ron Delaney, Jim Kuretski, Ilan Kaufer|
|• Town Manager||Matt Benoit|
|• Town Clerk||Sally M. Boylan|
|• Total||23.61 sq mi (61.14 km2)|
|• Land||21.84 sq mi (56.57 km2)|
|• Water||1.77 sq mi (4.57 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||2,921.84/sq mi (1,128.12/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
33410, 33418, 33458, 33468, 33469, 33477, 33478
|GNIS feature ID||0285000|
The area where the town now sits was originally named for the Hobe Indian tribe which lived at the mouth of the Loxahatchee River and whose name is also preserved in the name of nearby Hobe Sound. A mapmaker misunderstood the Spanish spelling Jobe of the native people name Hobe and recorded it as Jove. Subsequent mapmakers further misunderstood this to be the name of the Roman god also known as Jupiter, and they adopted the more familiar name of Jupiter. The god Jupiter (or Zeus in the Greek mythology) is the chief Roman god, and god of light, of the sky and weather, and of the state and its welfare and its laws. Jupiter's consort was Juno, inspiring a neighboring town to name itself Juno Beach.
The most notable landmark is the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, completed in 1860. Made of brick, it was painted red in 1910 to cover discoloration caused by humidity. Hurricane Jeanne in 2004 sandblasted the paint from the upper portion of the tower, and the tower was repainted using a potassium silicate mineral coating. The lighthouse is often used as the symbol for Jupiter.
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2), of which 20.0 square miles (52 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) is water.
Jupiter has a trade-wind Tropical rainforest climate. Much of the year is warm to hot in Jupiter, and frost is extremely rare. As is typical in South Florida, there are two basic seasons in Jupiter, a mild and dry winter (November through April), and a hot and wet summer (May through October). Daily thundershowers are common in the hot season, though they are brief. The city of Jupiter is home to many tropical trees, and the town is known for its lush landscaping around private homes and public parks.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|2010 Census||Jupiter||Palm Beach County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+40.2%||+16.7%||+17.6%|
|Population density||2,569.5/sq mi||670.2/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||90.6%||73.5%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||82.6%||60.1%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||1.5%||17.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||12.7%||19.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.5%||0.5%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.7%||2.3%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||3.7%||3.9%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 29,825 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. In 2000, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are non-families. 25.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15
In 2000, the town's population consisted of 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females, there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males.
In 2017, the median income for a household in the town is $76,687, and the median income for a family is $71,233. Males have a median income of $44,883 versus $33,514 for females. The per capita income for the town is $48,563. 4.8% of the population and 3.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The School District of Palm Beach County provides public education. Jupiter is also home to several private and religious schools.
Jupiter Christian School is a private school in the town.
Universities and Colleges
Florida Atlantic University – John D. MacArthur campus
Fire Rescue Department
Since 1984, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the citizens of the Town of Jupiter. There are three fire stations assigned to the town:
- Station 16 – Engine 16, Rescue 16 and Brush 16;
- Station 18 – Engine 18 and Rescue 18;
- Station 19 – Engine 19, Rescue 19, Special Operations 19, Brush 19 and 3 command vehicles.
The Jupiter Police Department consists of 118 sworn officers and 25 civilian support staff personnel, and is headquartered in town's municipal campus. Its operational divisions include Road Patrol, Criminal Investigations, Traffic, K-9, Marine, Beach Patrol, Crime Scene Investigation, SWAT and Hostage Negotiation. The department also has a volunteer Community Emergency Response Team, and sponsors a Police Explorer Post.
Companies based in Jupiter include G4S Secure Solutions.
The following list includes persons who were born in Jupiter, previously lived in Jupiter, or currently reside in Jupiter.
- Robert Allenby – Australian professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Rick Ankiel – professional baseball player
- Briny Baird – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Daniel Berger – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Matt Bosher – professional football player
- Don Brewer – drummer, singer, original member of Grand Funk Railroad
- Philip J. Corso – U.S. Army lieutenant colonel and author of The Day After Roswell
- Ernie Els – South African professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Rickie Fowler – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Hermes Franca – Brazilian mixed martial artist and UFC fighter
- Drew Garrett – actor
- Brendan Grace – Irish comedian
- Rob Grill – singer, The Grass Roots
- Matt Holliday – professional baseball player
- Hugh Howey – writer
- Michael Jordan – Hall of Fame NBA basketball player, majority owner of Charlotte Hornets
- Brooks Koepka – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Debi Laszewski – IFBB professional bodybuilder
- Daryl Logullo – business executive and Ecommerce thought leader
- Jamie Lovemark – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Vincent Marotta – entrepreneur, co-developer of Mr. Coffee
- Will MacKenzie – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Steve Marino – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Miles Mikolas – professional baseball player
- Jason Newsted – former bass player of Metallica
- Cody Parkey – professional football player
- Jesper Parnevik – Swedish professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Charles Nelson Reilly – actor and teacher, lived in house given to him by Burt Reynolds, who had previously lived in it with Sally Field
- Burt Reynolds – actor
- Mike Schmidt – Hall of Fame major league baseball player
- Justin Thomas – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Dara Torres – five-time Olympic swimmer and gold medalist
- Charles Vanik – former Democratic congressman from Ohio
- Camilo Villegas – Colombian professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Richy Werenski – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Brett Wetterich – professional golfer on PGA Tour
- Michelle Wie – professional golfer on LPGA Tour
- Eldrick Tont "Tiger" Woods - professional golfer on the PGA Tour
Points of interest
- Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1973.
- Jupiter is the home to the Miami Marlins and St. Louis Cardinals spring training facilities as well as one of their respective Class A Minor League Baseball affiliates, the Jupiter Hammerheads and Palm Beach Cardinals. They share the use of the Roger Dean Stadium complex, located in Abacoa. Both minor league squads compete in the Florida State League.
- William P. Gwinn Airport is located in Jupiter.
- Jupiter is home to Florida Atlantic University's MacArthur Campus. This northern campus of FAU is also the location of the Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College
- Palm Beach International Raceway a racing facility built in 1965, and was remodeled in 2008 in an attempt to obtain a FIA Grade II Certification. The Facility currently host several IHRA and NHRA sportsman events as well as an ARCA Remax Series Event.
- The Scripps Research Institute has opened a satellite campus adjacent to the MacArthur Campus of Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter. Approximately 360 scientists and technical staff operate in a 350,000-square-foot (33,000 m2) state of the art research facility. Scripps Florida focuses on the development of therapeutic opportunities in several disease areas.
- The Max Planck Society has also opened a facility on the FAU campus, the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, and is the Max Planck Society's first non-European research institute.
- Jupiter beaches, many of which are dog-friendly, draw many residents and visitors.
United States flag incident
In 1999, Jupiter resident George Andres wanted to display a United States flag in his front yard; however, the homeowners association had a bylaw prohibiting the display of a flagpole in the front lawn. Andres still displayed the flag, while the homeowners association went as far as foreclosing his home to cover legal fees after being in court at least twenty-eight times. Even after governor Jeb Bush visited his home along with members of the local and national media, the homeowners association refused to budge. Andres said, "Well, first they said that it was going to cost more to cut the grass around the pole, which is kind of funny. And then they told me that the flagpole was going to take away from the value of the property. And I said, well, then we should be able to take away all the trees around here, because they're the same as the pole. And my pole is a portable pole. And the state government says I can do it."
George Andres won and was allowed to display his flag in his front lawn with the use of a flagpole.
During the last week of July 2006, President George W. Bush signed the Freedom to Display the American Flag Act of 2005, allowing residents to display the flag on their residential property despite any homeowners association rules.
The fourth season of American Horror Story, American Horror Story: Freak Show, is set in 1952 Jupiter.
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- Tropicalité Géographie physique intertropicale by Jean Demangeot, éditions Armand Colin, Paris, 1999? ISBN 2-200-25027-4, page 44, Figure 19 Génétique des climats intertropicaux, source Marcel Leroux 1989
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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- Ostrowski, Jeff. "Former Cardinals star Rick Ankiel lists Jupiter house for $2.2 million | Real Time". Retrieved February 22, 2019.
- "Briny Baird PGA TOUR Profile - News, Stats, and Videos". PGATour. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
- "Liezl Els Committed to Autism Awareness". PGA TOUR Charities. March 11, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Rickie Fowler". PGA Tour. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "UFC FIGHT: Hermes Franca". ufcfight.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- "About Me". Hugh Howey. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- DiPaolo, Bill (August 5, 2015). "Inventor of Mr. Coffee machine and Jupiter resident dies at 91". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Capozzi, Joe. "'Great feeling' for Padres pitcher Miles Mikolas, a Jupiter High grad, to make debut vs. Marlins". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- Leslie Gray Streeter. "What heavy metal rock star has found peace living in Jupiter?". Retrieved December 5, 2017.
- "CNNSI.com – GolfPlus: Jesper Parnevik". CNNSI.com. CNN/Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- Charles Nelson Reilly (2006). The Life of Reilly (Netflix Streaming Video) (Motion picture). Los Angeles, California: Civilian Pictures/L'Orange Films. Event occurs at 1:13:37. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Ross Johnson (June 1, 2005). "What I've Learned: Burt Reynolds". Esquire. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- Jose Lambiet (November 2, 2009). "Phillies legend Mike Schmidt selling Jupiter home". The Palm Beach Post. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Dara Torres bio" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008.
- "Charles Vanik Dies at 94; Helped Jews Leave the Soviet Union". The New York Times. Associated Press. September 1, 2007. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- "Richy Werenski – Profile". PGA Tour. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
- Craig Dolch (June 12, 2008). "Jupiter's Brett Wetterich withdraws from U.S. Open". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Tiger Woods – Profile". PGA Tour. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- "Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse and Museum". Loxahatchee River Historical Society. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "William P Gwinn Airport". AirNav, LLC. January 13, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
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- "Veteran fights for front yard flag". CNN. September 13, 2003. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- Ayres, Mike (October 8, 2014). "The Origins of 'American Horror Story: Freak Show'". Speakeasy (blog). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
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