Jumada al-awwal

Jumādā al-Awwal (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ الْأَوَّل - Jumādā ’l-Awwal), also known as Jumādā al-Ūlā (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ الْأُولَىٰ - Jumādā ’l-Ūlā) or Jumada Ⅰ, is the fifth month of the 12 lunar months in the Islamic calendar. The month spans 29 or 30 days.

The origin of the name is theorized by some as from the word jamād (جماد) meaning "arid, dry or rainless" - denoting the dry, parched land of, hence the dry months. The secondary name Jumādā al-Ūlā may possibly mean "to take charge with, commend, entrust, commit or care during the arid month".

However, this is rejected by some as it is a lunar month, which does not coincide with seasons as solars months do.

In Ottoman Turkish, used in the Ottoman Empire, the name was Jèmāzìyyu-'l-èvvel,[1] or G̃émazi lèlèvvèl.[2] In Turkish it was abbreviated ,[1] or G̃a.[3] In Turkish today the spelling is Cemaziyelevvel.


In Islamic eschatology:

  • Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[4]


The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Awwal migrates backwards throughout the seasons, during a cycle of about 33 solar years. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[5]):

Jumada al-Awwal dates between 2018 and 2022
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1439 18 January 2018 16 February 2018
1440 07 January 2019 05 February 2019
1441 27 December 2019 25 January 2020
1442 16 December 2020 13 January 2021
1443 05 December 2021 03 January 2022
1444 25 November 2022 24 December 2022

Islamic Events

  • On 5 Jumada al-Awwal, Zainab bint Ali was born.
  • On 8th Jumada al-Awwal, URS Sayyid Amir al-Kulal (RA) Amir Kulal
  • On 10 Jumada al-Awwal 11AH, Fatima bint Muhammad (Fatima al-Zahra) beloved daughter of Prophet Muhammad died in Medina at the young age of 23 years according to Sunni Muslim sources.
  • On 12 Jumada al-Awwal 1188, the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca which gave Russia jurisdiction over Christians in the empire
  • On 13 Jumada al-Awwal 11AH, Fatima bint Muhammad was buried by her husband Ali
  • On 15 Jumada al-Awwal, Ali ibn Husayn (Zayn al-Abideen) was born.
  • On 20 Jumada al-Awwal 857, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople


  1. Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
  2. Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177.
  3. Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 170.
  4. Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan
  5. Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
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