Joseph d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin

Joseph d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin (fl. 1720–1746) was a French military officer serving in Acadia. He was also an Abenaki chief.

His father was Jean-Vincent d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin and Joseph's brother was Bernard-Anselme d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin. Joseph was the younger brother of Bernard-Anselme, who was born in 1689. This suggests he was born in either 1690 or 1691. Joseph took tribal councils as a Sachem, along with his brother. When his brother went to France and never returned, Joseph remained with his Tarratine brethren, who were part of the Micmac Tribe that lived on the Penobscot. Differing from the Abenaki which would later become the Penobscot Indians.

Baron Joseph was the Grandson of the great Micmac Sachem Madockawando, he was Chief of the Tarratines on the Penobscot River.

In 2013 a book was published entitled "The Vikings of Maine" that discussed the possibility of what became of Baron Joseph St. Castin and his father Baron Jean Vincent St. Castin. Chief Joseph Orono appeared on the Maine Frontier soon after no more was heard of Joseph St. Castin. When Chief Joseph, the blonde hair, blue-eyed Great Chief of the Penobscots died in 1801 it was claimed that he was 111 years old. When asked about his parents, Chief Joseph always claimed his father was French and his mother was Tarratine.

Currently the Penobscot Nation claims Chief Joseph was a grandson of Baron St. Castin, which is easily proven wrong if one takes into account the age of Chief Joseph when he died at being 111 years old.


  • Salagnac, Georges Cerbelaud (1974). "Abbadie de Saint-Casin, Joseph d'". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. III (1741–1770) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.