Jon Michael Kleinberg (born 1971) is an American computer scientist and the Tisch University Professor of Computer Science at Cornell University known for his work in algorithms and networks. He is a recipient of the Nevanlinna Prize by the International Mathematical Union.
Kleinberg speaking at the Cornell/Microsoft Research International Symposium on Self-Organizing Online Communities
Jon Michael Kleinberg
1971 (age 47–48)
|Residence||Ithaca, New York|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Known for||HITS algorithm|
|Thesis||Approximation algorithms for disjoint paths problems (1996)|
|Doctoral advisor||Michel Goemans|
|Notable students||Rediet Abebe|
Early life and education
Jon Kleinberg was born in 1971 in Boston, Massachusetts. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in computer science from Cornell University in 1993 and a Ph.D., from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1996. He is the older brother of fellow Cornell computer scientist Robert Kleinberg.
Since 1996 Kleinberg has been a professor in the Department of Computer Science at Cornell, as well as a visiting scientist at IBM's Almaden Research Center. His work has been supported by an NSF Career Award, an ONR Young Investigator Award, a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, a Packard Foundation Fellowship, a Sloan Foundation Fellowship, and grants from Google, Yahoo!, and the NSF. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2011, he was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences. In 2013 he became a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.
Kleinberg is best known for his work on networks and particularly for his HITS algorithm, developed while he was at IBM. HITS is an algorithm for web search that builds on the eigenvector-based methods used in algorithms and served as the full-scale model for PageRank by recognizing that web pages or sites should be considered important not only if they are linked to by many others (as in PageRank), but also if they link to many others. Search engines themselves are examples of sites that are important because they link to many others. Kleinberg realized that this generalization implies two different classes of important web pages, which he called "hubs" and "authorities". The HITS algorithm is an algorithm for automatically identifying the leading hubs and authorities in a network of hyperlinked pages.
Kleinberg is also known for his work on algorithmic aspects of the small world experiment. He was one of the first to realize that Stanley Milgram's famous "six degrees" letter-passing experiment implied not only that there are short paths between individuals in social networks but also that people seem to be good at finding those paths, an apparently simple observation that turns out to have profound implications for the structure of the networks in question. The formal model in which Kleinberg studied this question is a two dimensional grid, where each node has both short-range connections (edges) to neighbours in the grid and long-range connections to nodes further apart. For each node v, a long-range edge between v and another node w is added with a probability that decays as the second power of the distance between v and w. This is generalized to a d-dimensional grid, where the probability decays as the d-th power of the distance.
Kleinberg has written numerous papers and articles as well as a textbook on computer algorithms, Algorithm Design, co-authored the first edition with Éva Tardos and sole authored the second edition. Among other honors, he received a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship also known as the "genius grant" in 2005 and the Nevanlinna Prize in 2006, an award that is given out once every four years along with the Fields Medal as the premier distinction in Computational Mathematics. His new book is entitled "Networks, Crowds, and Markets: Reasoning About a Highly Connected World", published by Cambridge University Press in 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Jon Kleinberg at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Kleinberg, J. M. (1999). "Authoritative sources in a hyperlinked environment". Journal of the ACM. 46 (5): 604. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.54.8485. doi:10.1145/324133.324140.
- Kleinberg, J. M. (2000). "Navigation in a small world". Nature. 406 (6798): 845. Bibcode:2000Natur.406..845K. doi:10.1038/35022643. PMID 10972276.
- Kleinberg, Jon; Tardos, Éva (2006). Algorithm Design. Addison–Wesley, Boston. ISBN 978-0-321-29535-4.
- Jon M. Kleinberg at DBLP Bibliography Server
- Jon Kleinberg's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- Jon Kleinberg author profile page at the ACM Digital Library
- Kempe, D.; Kleinberg, J.; Tardos, É. (2003). "Maximizing the spread of influence through a social network". Proceedings of the ninth ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining - KDD '03. p. 137. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.14.6198. doi:10.1145/956750.956769. ISBN 978-1581137378.
- Members and Foreign Associates Elected Archived 2011-05-07 at the Wayback Machine, National Academy of Sciences, May 3, 2011.
- Greuel, Gert-Martin; Hopcroft, John E.; Wright, Margaret H. (June–July 2007). "The Mathematical Work of Jon Kleinberg" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 54 (6): 740–743. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
- ACM Names Fellows for Computing Advances that Are Transforming Science and Society Archived 2014-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Association for Computing Machinery, accessed 2013-12-10.
- Kleinberg, J. (2000). "The small-world phenomenon". Proceedings of the thirty-second annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing - STOC '00. p. 163. doi:10.1145/335305.335325. ISBN 978-1581131840.
- Algorithm Design: 9780132131087: Computer Science Books @ Amazon.com
- "Jon Kleinberg receives international math prize".
- Jon Kleinberg; David Easley (2010). Networks, Crowds, and Markets: Reasoning About a Highly Connected World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19533-1.
- "Cornell CS Faculty Awards". Cornell University.