Japanese clans

Ancient clan names

There are ancient-era clan names called Uji-na (氏名) or Honsei (本姓).

Imperial Clan

  • The Imperial clan - descended from Amaterasu. Its emperors and other clan members have no clan name but had been called "the royal clan" (王族) if necessary.

Four noble clans

Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘), 4 noble clans of Japan:

Noble clans

Native clans

Newly created noble clan

Immigrant clans (Toraijin, 渡来人)

According to the book Shinsen Shōjiroku compiled in 815, a total 326 out of 1,182 clans in the Kinai area on Honshū were regarded as people with foreign genealogy. The book specifically mentions 163 were from China, 104 such families from Baekje, 41 from Goguryeo, 9 from Silla, and 9 from Gaya.[1]

Baekje

Goguryeo

Silla

Gaya

China

Family names

From the late ancient era onward, the family name (Myōji/苗字 or 名字) had been commonly used by samurai to denote their family line instead of the name of the ancient clan that the family line belongs to (uji-na/氏名 or honsei/本姓), which was used only in the official records in the Imperial court. Kuge families also had used their family name (Kamei/家名) for the same purpose. Each of samurai families is called "[family name] clan (氏)" as follows and they must not be confused with ancient clan names:

Other clans and families

Zaibatsu:

Sacerdotal clans:

Ryukyu

Ryukyuan people are not Yamato people, but the Ryukyu Islands have been part of Japan since 1879.

Ryukyuan dynasties:

See also

Notes

  1. Saeki, Arikiyo (1981). Shinsen Shōjiroku no Kenkyū (Honbun hen) (in Japanese). Yoshikawa Kōbunkan. ISBN 4-642-02109-4.
  2. Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of Shinto in Contemporary Japan, pp. 67–69.
  3. Cranston, Edwin A. (1998). A Waka Anthology, p. 513.
  4. Grapard, Allan G. (1992). The protocol of the gods, p. 42.

References

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