Hugo Award for Best Related Work

The Hugo Award for Best Related Work is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for primarily non-fiction works related to science fiction or fantasy, published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The Hugo Awards have been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[1][2]

Hugo Award for Best Related Work
Awarded forThe best work related to the field of science fiction, fantasy, or fandom, published in the prior calendar year and which is either non-fiction or noteworthy primarily for aspects other than the fictional text
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1980
Most recent winnerOrganization for Transformative Works (Archive of Our Own)
Websitethehugoawards.org

It was originally titled the Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book and was first awarded in 1980. In 1999 the Award was retitled to the Hugo Award for Best Related Book, and eligibility was officially expanded to fiction works that were primarily noteworthy for reasons besides their fictional aspects.[3] In 2010, the title of the award was again changed, to the Hugo Award for Best Related Work.[4] In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[5] The Retro Best Related Work Hugo was awarded for 1954, 50 years later, but has not been awarded for any other year due to insufficient nominations.[6]

During the 41 nomination years, 204 authors or artists and 1 organization have had works nominated; 52 authors and 1 organization have won, including co-authors and Retro Hugos. John Clute has won four times; once by himself, once with John Grant as a co-author, once with Peter Nicholls, and once with Nicholls, David Langford, and Graham Sleight. Nicholls has won a third time, and Grant has won a second time, sharing the award with his co-authors Elizabeth L. Humphrey and Pamela D. Scoville. Thomas Disch and Ursula K. Le Guin have also won twice, both without co-authors; no other author has won more than once. The Organization for Transformative Works was the organization that won, for its Archive of Our Own fanwork repository. Cathy and Arnie Fenner have been nominated eight times for their work on the Spectrum: The Best In Contemporary Fantastic Art series, both the most number of nominations received by any author and the most number of nominations without winning. Clute has been nominated seven times, Farah Mendlesohn six times with one win; Le Guin five times with two wins; Isaac Asimov and Langford four times with one win; and Mike Resnick four times with no wins. The Writing Excuses team, consisting of Brandon Sanderson, Dan Wells, Howard Tayler, Mary Robinette Kowal, and Jordan Sanderson, have been nominated four times and won once. Seven other authors have been nominated three times. Many of these writers, editors and artists have won Hugos in other categories, from Fan Writer to Best Novel.

Selection

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual non-profit World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The works on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[5] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[7] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[8] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[9][10] Members are permitted to vote "no award", if they feel that none of the nominees is deserving of the award that year, and in the case that "no award" takes the majority the Hugo is not given in that category. This happened in the Best Related Work category in 2015 and 2016.[11][12]

Winners and nominees

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the author's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners   +   No winner selected

Year Author(s) Work Publisher or publication Ref.
1980 Peter Nicholls*The Science Fiction EncyclopediaDoubleday [13]
Isaac AsimovIn Memory Yet GreenDoubleday [13]
Wayne Barlowe Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials Workman Publishing Company [13]
Ian Summers
Michael WhelanWonderworksThe Donning Company [13]
Ursula K. Le Guin The Language of the Night Putnam Publishing Group [13]
Susan Wood
1981 Carl Sagan*CosmosRandom House [14]
Isaac AsimovIn Joy Still FeltDoubleday [14]
Charles PlattDream MakersBerkley Books [14]
Vincent Di Fate Di Fate's Catalog of Science Fiction Hardware Workman Publishing Company [14]
Ian Summers
Richard BergeronWarhoon 28 (The Writings of Walter A. Willis)Richard Bergeron [14]
1982 Stephen King*Danse MacabreEverest Publishing [15]
Leo Dillon The Art of Leo & Diane Dillon Ballantine Books [15]
Diane Dillon
Byron Preiss
Ron Miller The Grand Tour Workman Publishing Company [15]
William K. Hartmann
Dougal DixonAfter Man: A Zoology of the FutureMacmillan Publishers [15]
Neil BarronAnatomy of Wonder, 2nd EditionR.R. Bowker [15]
1983 James Gunn*Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science FictionOxford University Press [16]
J. J. Llewellyn The World of The Dark Crystal Alfred A. Knopf [16]
Brian Froud
Baird Searles A Reader's Guide to Fantasy Avon Publications [16]
Beth Meacham
Michael Franklin
Barry N. MalzbergThe Engines of the NightDoubleday [16]
Tim Underwood Fear Itself: The Horror Fiction of Stephen King Underwood-Miller [16]
Chuck Miller
1984 Donald H. Tuck*The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy, Vol. 3: MiscellaneousAdvent [17]
Joy ChantThe High KingsBantam Books [17]
Charles PlattDream Makers, Volume IIBerkley Books [17]
Norman SpinradStaying Alive: A Writer's GuideThe Donning Company [17]
Rowena MorrillThe Fantastic Art of RowenaPocket Books [17]
1985 Jack Williamson*Wonder's Child: My Life in Science FictionBluejay Books [18]
Patti PerretThe Faces of Science FictionAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Harlan EllisonSleepless Nights in the Procrustean BedBorgo Press [18]
George TurnerIn the Heart or in the Head: An Essay in Time TravelAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Willis E. McNellyThe Dune EncyclopediaBerkley Putnam [18]
1986 Tom Weller*Science Made StupidHoughton Mifflin Harcourt [19]
Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr. The John W. Campbell Letters, Vol. 1 AC Projects [19]
Tony Chapdelaine
George Hay
Harlan EllisonAn Edge in My VoiceThe Donning Company [19]
Algis BudrysBenchmarks: Galaxy BookshelfSouthern Illinois University Press [19]
Brian AldissThe Pale Shadow of ScienceSerconia Press [19]
Douglas E. WinterFaces of Fear: Encounters with the Creators of Modern HorrorBerkley Books [19]
1987 Brian Aldiss* Trillion Year Spree Victor Gollancz Ltd [20]
David Wingrove*
Frank Miller Batman: The Dark Knight Returns DC Comics [20]
Klaus Janson
Lynn Varley
Thomas G. SmithIndustrial Light and MagicDel Rey Books [20]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction In Print: 1985 Locus Press [20]
William G. Contento
Paul WilliamsOnly Apparently Real: The World of Philip K. DickArbor House [20]
1988 Michael Whelan*Michael Whelan's Works of WonderDel Rey Books [21]
David A. CherryImagination: The Art & Technique of David A. CherryStarblaze Graphics [21]
Jack MatthewsThe Battle of BrazilCrown Publishing Group [21]
Neil BarronAnatomy of Wonder, 3rd EditionR.R. Bowker [21]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Horror: 1986 Locus Press [21]
William G. Contento
1989 Samuel R. Delany*The Motion of Light in Water: Sex and Science Fiction Writing in the East Village 1957-1965Arbor House [22]
Don MaitzFirst MaitzUrsus Publishing [22]
James GunnThe New Encyclopedia of Science FictionViking Press [22]
Robert WeinbergA Biographical Dictionary of Science Fiction and Fantasy ArtistsGreenwood Publishing Group [22]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Horror: 1987 Locus Press [22]
William G. Contento
1990 Alexei Panshin* The World Beyond the Hill: Science Fiction and the Quest for Transcendence J. P. Tarcher [23]
Cory Panshin*
Robert A. HeinleinGrumbles from the GraveDel Rey Books [23]
Ursula K. Le GuinDancing at the Edge of the WorldGrove Press [23]
Arthur C. ClarkeAstounding DaysVictor Gollancz Ltd [23]
Harlan EllisonHarlan Ellison's WatchingUnderwood-Miller [23]
Greg ThokarNoreascon 3 Souvenir BookMassachusetts Convention Fandom, Inc [23]
1991 Orson Scott Card*How to Write Science Fiction and FantasyWriter's Digest [24]
Norman SpinradScience Fiction in the Real WorldSouthern Illinois University Press [24]
Kristine Kathryn Rusch Science Fiction Writers of America Handbook Writer's Notebook Press [24]
Dean Wesley Smith
Brian AldissBury My Heart at W.H. Smith'sHodder & Stoughton [24]
David J. SkalHollywood GothicW. W. Norton & Company [24]
1992 Charles Addams*The World of Charles AddamsAlfred A. Knopf [25]
Everett F. BleilerScience-Fiction: The Early YearsKent State University Press [25]
Jack L. Chalker The Science Fantasy Publishers: A Critical and Bibliographic History: Third Edition Mirage Press [25]
Mark Owings
Jeanne GomollThe Bakery Men Don't See Cookbook(SF)3 [25]
Stephen JonesClive Barker's Shadows in EdenUnderwood-Miller [25]
1993 Harry Warner, Jr.*A Wealth of Fable: An Informal History of Science Fiction Fandom in the 1950sSCIFI Press [26]
David LangfordLet's Hear It for the Deaf ManNESFA Press [26]
Virgil FinlayVirgil Finlay's Women of the AgesUnderwood-Miller [26]
Thom BoswellThe Costumemaker's ArtLark Books [26]
Camille Bacon-SmithEnterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular MythUniversity of Pennsylvania Press [26]
Damon KnightMonad Number TwoPulphouse Publishing [26]
1994 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Orbit Books [27]
Peter Nicholls*
Michael WhelanThe Art of Michael Whelan: Scenes/VisionsBantam Spectra [27]
Robert BlochOnce Around the Bloch: An Unauthorized AutobiographyTor Books [27]
Scott McCloudUnderstanding Comics: The Invisible ArtTundra Books [27]
Theodore CogswellPITFCS: Proceedings of the Institute for Twenty-First Century StudiesAdvent [27]
1995 Isaac Asimov*I. Asimov: A MemoirDoubleday [28]
Christopher PriestThe Book on the Edge of ForeverFantagraphics Books [28]
Samuel R. DelanySilent Interviews: On Language, Race, Sex, Science Fiction, and Some ComicsUniversity Press of New England [28]
Teresa Nielsen HaydenMaking BookNESFA Press [28]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum: The Best In Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [28]
Arnie Fenner
1996 John Clute*Science Fiction: The Illustrated EncyclopediaDorling Kindersley [29]
Isaac AsimovYours, Isaac AsimovDoubleday [29]
Bob EggletonAlien Horizons: The Fantastic Art of Bob EggletonPaper Tiger Books [29]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 2: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [29]
Arnie Fenner
Joanna RussTo Write Like a Woman: Essays in Feminism and Science FictionIndiana University Press [29]
1997 L. Sprague de Camp*Time & Chance: An AutobiographyDonald M. Grant [30]
Diana Wynne JonesThe Tough Guide To FantasylandVista Books [30]
John CluteLook at the EvidenceSerconia Press [30]
David LangfordThe Silence of the LangfordNESFA Press [30]
Patti PerretThe Faces of FantasyTor Books [30]
1998 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Fantasy Orbit Books [31]
John Grant*
Vincent Di FateInfinite Worlds: The Fantastic Visions of Science Fiction ArtPenguin Studio [31]
Ben Bova Space Travel Writer's Digest Books [31]
Anthony R. Lewis
Robert SilverbergReflections and Refractions: Thoughts on Science-Fiction, Science and Other MattersUnderwood Books [31]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 4: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [31]
Arnie Fenner
Jim Loehr
1999 Thomas Disch*The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of: How Science Fiction Conquered the WorldFree Press [32]
Richard A. HauptmannThe Work of Jack Williamson: An Annotated Bibliography and GuideNESFA Press [32]
Everett F. BleilerScience-Fiction: The Gernsback YearsKent State University Press [32]
Howard DeVoreThe Hugo, Nebula and World Fantasy AwardsAdvent [32]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 5: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [32]
Arnie Fenner
2000 Frank M. Robinson*Science Fiction of the 20th CenturyCollector's Press [33]
Neil Gaiman The Sandman: The Dream Hunters Vertigo [33]
Yoshitaka Amano
Terry Pratchett The Science of Discworld Ebury Publishing [33]
Ian Stewart
Jack Cohen
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 6: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [33]
Arnie Fenner
Karen Cooper Minicon 34 Restaurant Guide Rune Press [33]
Bruce Schneier
2001 Bob Eggleton* Greetings from Earth: The Art of Bob Eggleton Paper Tiger Books [34]
Nigel Suckling*
James GiffordRobert A. Heinlein: A Reader's CompanionNitrosyncretic Press [34]
Anthony R. LewisConcordance to Cordwainer Smith, Third EditionNESFA Press [34]
Andrew M. Butler Terry Pratchett: Guilty of Literature Science Fiction Foundation [34]
Edward James
Farah Mendlesohn
Mike ResnickPutting It Together: Turning Sow's Ear Drafts Into Silk Purse StoriesWildside Press [34]
2002 Ron Miller* The Art of Chesley Bonestell Paper Tiger Books [35]
Frederick C. Durant III*
Melvin H. Schuetz*
Michael SwanwickBeing Gardner DozoisOld Earth Books [35]
Tom ShippeyJ. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the CenturyHarperCollins [35]
Karen HaberMeditations on Middle-earthSt. Martin's Press [35]
Jane Frank The Art of Richard Powers Paper Tiger Books [35]
Howard Frank
Mike ResnickI Have This Nifty Idea...Now What Do I Do With It?Wildside Press [35]
2003 Judith Merril* Better to Have Loved: The Life of Judith Merril Between the Lines [36]
Emily Pohl-Weary*
Jerry WeistRay Bradbury: An Illustrated LifeWilliam Morrow and Company [36]
Bob Eggleton Dragonhenge Paper Tiger Books [36]
John Grant
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 9: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [36]
Arnie Fenner
Justine LarbalestierThe Battle of the Sexes in Science FictionWesleyan University Press [36]
2004 John Grant* The Chesley Awards for SF & Fantasy Art: A Retrospective Artist's and Photographer's Press [37]
Elizabeth L. Humphrey*
Pamela D. Scoville*
Jeff VanderMeer The Thackery T. Lambshead Pocket Guide to Eccentric & Discredited Diseases Night Shade Books [37]
Mark Roberts
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 10: The Best in Fantastic Contemporary Art Underwood Books [37]
Arnie Fenner
Brian HerbertDreamer of Dune: The Biography of Frank HerbertTor Books [37]
John CluteScores: Reviews 1993–2003Beccon Publications [37]
William J. WidderMaster Storyteller: An Illustrated Tour of the Fiction of L. Ron HubbardGalaxy Press [37]
2005 Edward James* The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction Cambridge University Press [38]
Farah Mendlesohn*
Peter WestonWith Stars in My Eyes: My Adventures in British FandomNESFA Press [38]
David A. Hardy Futures: 50 Years in Space: The Challenge of the Stars Artists' and Photographers' Press [38]
Patrick Moore
William TennDancing Naked: The Unexpurgated William Tenn, Volume 3NESFA Press [38]
Richard A. LupoffThe Best of XeroTachyon Publications [38]
2006 Kate Wilhelm*Storyteller: Writing Lessons and More from 27 Years of the Clarion Writers' WorkshopSmall Beer Press [39]
Mike AshleyTransformations: The Story of the Science Fiction Magazines from 1950 to 1970Liverpool University Press [39]
David LangfordThe SEX Column and Other MisprintsCosmos [39]
Gary WestfahlScience Fiction QuotationsYale University Press [39]
Gary K. WolfeSoundings, Reviews 1992–1996Beccon Publications [39]
2007 Julie Phillips*James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. SheldonSt. Martin's Press [40]
Mike Resnick Worldcon Guest of Honor Speeches ISFiC Press [40]
Joe Siclari
Joseph T. MajorHeinlein's Children: The JuvenilesAdvent [40]
Samuel R. DelanyAbout Writing: Seven Essays, Four Letters, and Five InterviewsWesleyan University Press [40]
John PicacioCover Story: The Art of John PicacioMonkeyBrain Books [40]
2008 Jeff Prucher*Brave New Words: the Oxford Dictionary of Science FictionOxford University Press [41]
Barry N. MalzbergBreakfast in the Ruins: Science Fiction in the Last MillenniumBaen Books [41]
Diana GlyerThe Company They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in CommunityKent State University Press [41]
Luis OrtizEmshwiller: Infinity x TwoNonstop Press [41]
Shaun TanThe ArrivalArthur A. Levine Books [41]
2009 John Scalzi*Your Hate Mail Will be Graded: A Decade of Whatever, 1998–2008Subterranean Press [42]
Farah MendlesohnRhetorics of FantasyWesleyan University Press [42]
Paul KincaidWhat Is It We Do When We Read Science FictionBeccon Publications [42]
Lillian Stewart Carl The Vorkosigan Companion: The Universe of Lois McMaster Bujold Baen Books [42]
John Helfers
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 15: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [42]
Arnie Fenner
2010 Jack Vance*This is Me, Jack Vance! (Or, More Properly, This is "I")Subterranean Press [43]
John CluteCanary Fever: ReviewsBeccon Publications [43]
Michael SwanwickHope-In-The-Mist: The Extraordinary Career and Mysterious Life of Hope MirrleesTemporary Culture [43]
Farah MendlesohnThe Inter-Galactic Playground: A Critical Study of Children's and Teens' Science FictionMcFarland & Company [43]
Farah MendlesohnOn Joanna RussWesleyan University Press [43]
Helen MerrickThe Secret Feminist Cabal: A Cultural History of SF FeminismsAqueduct Press [43]
2011 Lynne M. Thomas* Chicks Dig Time Lords: A Celebration of Doctor Who by the Women Who Love It Mad Norwegian Press [44]
Tara O'Shea*
Gary K. WolfeBearings: Reviews 1997-2001Beccon Publications [44]
Mike Resnick The Business of Science Fiction: Two Insiders Discuss Writing and Publishing McFarland & Company [44]
Barry N. Malzberg
William H. Patterson, Jr.Robert A. Heinlein: In Dialogue with His Century, Volume 1: (1907–1948): Learning CurveTor Books [44]
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 4 Writing Excuses [44]
Jordan Sanderson
Howard Tayler
Dan Wells
2012 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Third Edition Victor Gollancz Ltd [45]
David Langford*
Peter Nicholls*
Graham Sleight*
Daniel M. KimmelJar Jar Binks Must Die…and other Observations about Science Fiction MoviesFantastic Books [45]
Jeff VanderMeer The Steampunk Bible: An Illustrated Guide to the World of Imaginary Airships, Corsets and Goggles, Mad Scientists, and Strange Literature Abrams Image [45]
S. J. Chambers
Seanan McGuireWicked GirlsSeanan McGuire [45]
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 6 Writing Excuses [45]
Dan Wells
Howard Tayler
Mary Robinette Kowal
Jordan Sanderson
2013 Brandon Sanderson* Writing Excuses, Season 7 Writing Excuses [46]
Dan Wells*
Howard Tayler*
Mary Robinette Kowal*
Jordan Sanderson*
Edward James The Cambridge Companion to Fantasy Literature Cambridge University Press [46]
Farah Mendlesohn
Lynne M. Thomas Chicks Dig Comics: A Celebration of Comic Books by the Women Who Love Them Mad Norwegian Press [46]
Sigrid Ellis and
Deborah Stanish Chicks Unravel Time: Women Journey Through Every Season of Doctor Who Mad Norwegian Press [46]
L. M. Myles
Martin H. Greenberg I Have an Idea for a Book... The Bibliography of Martin H. Greenberg Battered Silicon Dispatch Box [46]
John Helfers
2014 Kameron Hurley*"We Have Always Fought: Challenging the Women, Cattle and Slaves Narrative"A Dribble of Ink [47]
Michael Damian Thomas Queers Dig Time Lords: A Celebration of Doctor Who by the LGBTQ Fans Who Love It Mad Norwegian Press [47]
Sigrid Ellis
Justin Landon Speculative Fiction 2012: The Best Online Reviews, Essays and Commentary Jurassic London [47]
Jared Shurin
Jeff VanderMeer Wonderbook: The Illustrated Guide to Creating Imaginative Fiction Abrams Image [47]
Jeremy Zerfoss
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 8 Writing Excuses [47]
Dan Wells
Howard Tayler
Mary Robinette Kowal
Jordan Sanderson
2015 (no award)+ [11][Note 1]
Ken Burnside"The Hot Equations: Thermodynamics and Military SF"Riding the Red Horse (Castalia House) [11]
Lou AntonelliLetters from GardnerThe Merry Blacksmith Press [11]
John C. WrightTranshuman and Subhuman: Essays on Science Fiction and Awful TruthCastalia House [11]
Tedd Roberts"Why Science is Never Settled"Baen.com [11]
Michael Z. WilliamsonWisdom from My InternetPatriarchy Press [11]
2016 (no award)+ [12][Note 1]
Marc AraminiBetween Light and Shadow: An Exploration of the Fiction of Gene Wolfe, 1951 to 1986Castalia House [12]
Jeffro Johnson"The First Draft of My Appendix N Book"jeffro.wordpress.com [12]
Daniel Eness"Safe Space as Rape Room"castaliahouse.com [12]
Vox DaySJWs Always Lie: Taking Down the Thought PoliceCastalia House [12]
Moira Greyland"The Story of Moira Greyland"askthebigot.com [12]
2017 Ursula K. Le Guin*Words Are My Matter: Writings About Life and Books, 2000-2016Small Beer Press [48]
Kameron HurleyThe Geek Feminist RevolutionTor Books [48]
Carrie FisherThe Princess DiaristBlue Rider Press [48]
Robert Silverberg Traveler of Worlds: Conversations with Robert Silverberg Fairwood [48]
Alvaro Zinos-Amaro
Neil GaimanThe View From the Cheap SeatsWilliam Morrow [48]
Sarah GaileyThe Women of Harry Potter postsTor.com [48]
2018 Ursula K. Le Guin*No Time to Spare: Thinking About What MattersHoughton Mifflin Harcourt [49]
Zoe QuinnCrash Override: How Gamergate (Nearly) Destroyed My Life, and How We Can Win the Fight Against Online HatePublicAffairs [49]
Paul KincaidIain M. Banks (Modern Masters of Science Fiction)University of Illinois Press [49]
Nat SegaloffA Lit Fuse: The Provocative Life of Harlan EllisonNESFA Press [49]
Alexandra Pierce Luminescent Threads: Connections to Octavia E. Butler Twelfth Planet Press [49]
Mimi Mondal
Liz BourkeSleeping with Monsters: Readings and Reactions in Science Fiction and FantasyAqueduct Press [49]
2019 Organization for Transformative Works*Archive of Our OwnSelf-published [50]
Alec Nevala-LeeAstounding: John W. Campbell, Isaac Asimov, Robert A. Heinlein, L. Ron Hubbard, and the Golden Age of Science FictionDey Street Books [50]
Lindsay Ellis The Hobbit Duology Self-published via YouTube [50]
Angelina Meehan
Jo Walton An Informal History of the Hugos: A Personal Look Back at the Hugo Awards, 1953-2000 Tor Books [50]
Julia Rios www.mexicanxinitivative.com: The Mexicanx Initiative at Worldcon 76 Self-published [50]
Libia Brenda
Pablo Defendini
John Picacio
Ursula K. Le Guin Ursula K. Le Guin: Conversations on Writing Tin House Books [50]
David Naimon

Retro Hugos

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[5] Retro Hugos have been awarded seven times: for 1946, 1951, and 1954 (given 50 years later), and for 1939, 1941, 1943, and 1944 (given 75 years later).[6] The Hugo Award for Best Related Work has only been retroactively awarded once, in 2004; it was not on the ballot for the 1996 Retro Hugo awards, and the 2001 retro-award was "dropped due to insufficient response" after only nine nominating ballots included any response in the category.[51] The 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2019 retro-awards were also dropped due to insufficient response.[47][12][49][50]

Year Year awarded Author(s) Work Publisher Ref.
1954 2004 Wernher von Braun* Conquest of the Moon Viking Press [52]
Fred L. Whipple*
Willy Ley*
L. Sprague de CampScience-Fiction HandbookHermitage Press [52]
Reginald BretnorModern Science Fiction: Its Making and FutureCoward-McCann [52]

Notes

  1. Several categories, including Best Related Work, were awarded to "No award" in 2015 and 2016 in response to the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies ballot manipulation campaigns.

References

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