Hugo Award for Best Novel

The Hugo Award for Best Novel is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for science fiction or fantasy stories published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The novel award is available for works of fiction of 40,000 words or more; awards are also given out in the short story, novelette, and novella categories. The Hugo Awards have been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[1][2]

Hugo Award for Best Novel
Awarded forBest science fiction or fantasy story of 40,000 words or more published in the prior calendar year
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1953
Most recent winnerMary Robinette Kowal (The Calculating Stars)
Websitethehugoawards.org

The Hugo Award for Best Novel has been awarded annually by the World Science Fiction Society since 1953, except in 1954 and 1957. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been given for novels for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[4]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The novels on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. The 1953, 1955, and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up novels, but since 1959 all final candidates have been recorded.[3] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[5] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[6] Worldcons are generally held in August or early September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[7][8]

During the 72 nomination years, 150 authors have had works nominated; 49 of these have won, including co-authors, ties, and Retro Hugos. One translator, Ken Liu (in 2015 and 2017), has been noted along with the author whose works he translated, while a second, Rita Barisse, was retroactively noted in 2019 as the translator of a 1963 work. Robert A. Heinlein has received the most Hugos for Best Novel as well as the most nominations, with six wins (including two Retro Hugos) and twelve nominations. Lois McMaster Bujold has received four Hugos on ten nominations; the only other authors to win more than twice are Isaac Asimov (including one Retro Hugo), N. K. Jemisin, Connie Willis, and Vernor Vinge, who have each won three times. Nine other authors have won the award twice. The next-most nominations by a winning author are held by Robert J. Sawyer and Larry Niven, who have been nominated nine and eight times, respectively, and each have only won once, while Robert Silverberg has the greatest number of nominations without winning at nine. Three authors have won the award in consecutive years: Orson Scott Card (1986, 1987), Lois McMaster Bujold (1991, 1992), and N. K. Jemisin (2016, 2017, and 2018).

Winners and nominees

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the novel was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature". Entries with a blue background have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1953 Alfred Bester*The Demolished ManGalaxy Science Fiction [9]
1955 Mark Clifton* They'd Rather Be Right (also known as The Forever Machine) Astounding Science-Fiction [10]
Frank Riley*
1956 Robert A. Heinlein*Double StarAstounding Science-Fiction [11]
Eric Frank RussellCall Him Dead (also known as Three to Conquer)Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
Isaac AsimovThe End of EternityDoubleday [11]
Cyril M. KornbluthNot This AugustDoubleday [11]
Leigh BrackettThe Long TomorrowDoubleday [11]
1958 Fritz Leiber*The Big TimeGalaxy Science Fiction [12]
1959 James Blish*A Case of ConscienceBallantine Books [13]
Poul AndersonWe Have Fed Our Sea (also known as The Enemy Stars)Astounding Science-Fiction [13]
Algis BudrysWho?Pyramid Books [13]
Robert A. HeinleinHave Space Suit — Will TravelThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [13]
Robert SheckleyTime Killer (also known as Immortality, Inc.)Galaxy Science Fiction [13]
1960 Robert A. Heinlein*Starship TroopersThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Gordon R. DicksonDorsai! (also known as The Genetic General)Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Murray LeinsterThe Pirates of Ersatz (also known as The Pirates of Zan)Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Mark PhillipsThat Sweet Little Old Lady (also known as Brain Twister)Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Kurt VonnegutThe Sirens of TitanDell Publishing [14]
1961 Walter M. Miller, Jr.*A Canticle for LeibowitzJ. B. Lippincott & Co. [15]
Poul AndersonThe High CrusadeAstounding Science-Fiction [15]
Algis BudrysRogue MoonThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Harry HarrisonDeathworldAstounding Science-Fiction [15]
Theodore SturgeonVenus Plus XPyramid Books [15]
1962 Robert A. Heinlein*Stranger in a Strange LandPutnam Publishing Group [16]
Daniel F. GalouyeDark UniverseBantam Books [16]
Harry HarrisonPlanet of the Damned (also known as Sense of Obligation)Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
Clifford D. SimakThe Fisherman (also known as Time is the Simplest Thing)Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
James WhiteSecond EndingFantastic [16]
1963 Philip K. Dick*The Man in the High CastlePutnam Publishing Group [17]
Marion Zimmer BradleyThe Sword of AldonesAce Books [17]
Arthur C. ClarkeA Fall of MoondustHarcourt Trade Publishers [17]
H. Beam PiperLittle FuzzyAvon Publications [17]
Jean Bruller (French)[lower-alpha 1] Sylva Putnam Publishing Group [17]
Rita Barisse (translator)[lower-alpha 1]
1964 Clifford D. Simak*Here Gather the Stars (also known as Way Station)Galaxy Science Fiction [18]
Robert A. HeinleinGlory RoadThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [18]
Andre NortonWitch WorldAce Books [18]
Frank HerbertDune World[lower-alpha 2]Analog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Kurt VonnegutCat's CradleHolt, Rinehart and Winston [18]
1965 Fritz Leiber*The WandererBallantine Books [20]
John BrunnerThe Whole ManBallantine Books [20]
Edgar PangbornDavyBallantine Books [20]
Cordwainer SmithThe Planet Buyer (also known as The Boy Who Bought Old Earth)Pyramid Books [20]
1966 Frank Herbert*DuneChilton Company [21]
Roger Zelazny*...And Call Me Conrad (also known as This Immortal)The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [21]
John BrunnerThe Squares of the CityBallantine Books [21]
Robert A. HeinleinThe Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[lower-alpha 3]If [21]
Edward E. SmithSkylark DuQuesneIf [21]
1967 Robert A. Heinlein*The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[lower-alpha 3]If [22]
Samuel R. DelanyBabel-17Ace Books [22]
Randall GarrettToo Many MagiciansAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [22]
Daniel KeyesFlowers for AlgernonHarcourt Trade Publishers [22]
James H. SchmitzThe Witches of KarresChilton Company [22]
Thomas Burnett SwannDay of the MinotaurAce Books [22]
1968 Roger Zelazny*Lord of LightDoubleday [23]
Samuel R. DelanyThe Einstein IntersectionAce Books [23]
Piers AnthonyChthonBallantine Books [23]
Chester AndersonThe Butterfly KidPyramid Books [23]
Robert SilverbergThornsBallantine Books [23]
1969 John Brunner*Stand on ZanzibarDoubleday [24]
Alexei PanshinRite of PassageAce Books [24]
Samuel R. DelanyNovaDoubleday [24]
R. A. LaffertyPast MasterAce Books [24]
Clifford D. SimakThe Goblin ReservationGalaxy Science Fiction [24]
1970 Ursula K. Le Guin*The Left Hand of DarknessAce Books [25]
Robert SilverbergUp the LineBallantine Books [25]
Piers AnthonyMacroscopeAvon Publications [25]
Kurt VonnegutSlaughterhouse-FiveDelacorte Press [25]
Norman SpinradBug Jack BarronAvon Publications [25]
1971 Larry Niven*RingworldBallantine Books [26]
Poul AndersonTau ZeroDoubleday [26]
Robert SilverbergTower of GlassCharles Scribner's Sons [26]
Wilson TuckerThe Year of the Quiet SunAce Books [26]
Hal ClementStar LightAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [26]
1972 Philip José Farmer*To Your Scattered Bodies GoPutnam Publishing Group [27]
Ursula K. Le GuinThe Lathe of HeavenAmazing Stories [27]
Anne McCaffreyDragonquestBallantine Books [27]
Roger ZelaznyJack of ShadowsThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [27]
Robert SilverbergA Time of ChangesGalaxy Science Fiction [27]
1973 Isaac Asimov*The Gods ThemselvesGalaxy Science Fiction [28]
David GerroldWhen HARLIE Was OneBallantine Books [28]
Poul AndersonThere Will Be TimeSignet Books [28]
Robert SilverbergThe Book of SkullsCharles Scribner's Sons [28]
Robert SilverbergDying InsideGalaxy Science Fiction [28]
Clifford D. SimakA Choice of GodsPutnam Publishing Group [28]
1974 Arthur C. Clarke*Rendezvous with RamaGalaxy Science Fiction [29]
Robert A. HeinleinTime Enough for LovePutnam Publishing Group [29]
Larry NivenProtectorBallantine Books [29]
Poul AndersonThe People of the WindAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [29]
David GerroldThe Man Who Folded HimselfRandom House [29]
1975 Ursula K. Le Guin*The DispossessedHarper & Row [30]
Poul AndersonFire TimeDoubleday [30]
Philip K. DickFlow My Tears, the Policeman SaidDoubleday [30]
Larry Niven The Mote in God's Eye Simon & Schuster [30]
Jerry Pournelle
Christopher PriestInverted WorldGalaxy Science Fiction [30]
1976 Joe Haldeman*The Forever WarSt. Martin's Press [31]
Roger ZelaznyDoorways in the SandAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
Larry Niven Inferno Galaxy Science Fiction [31]
Jerry Pournelle
Alfred BesterThe Computer Connection (also known as The Indian Giver)Berkley Putnam [31]
Robert SilverbergThe Stochastic ManHarper & Row [31]
1977 Kate Wilhelm*Where Late the Sweet Birds SangHarper & Row [32]
Joe HaldemanMindbridgeSt. Martin's Press [32]
Frank HerbertChildren of DuneAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
Frederik PohlMan PlusThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [32]
Robert SilverbergShadrach in the FurnaceAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
1978 Frederik Pohl*GatewayGalaxy Science Fiction [33]
Marion Zimmer BradleyThe Forbidden TowerDAW Books [33]
Larry Niven Lucifer's Hammer Playboy Press [33]
Jerry Pournelle
Gordon R. DicksonTime StormSt. Martin's Press [33]
George R. R. MartinDying of the LightAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [33]
1979 Vonda N. McIntyre*DreamsnakeHoughton Mifflin [34]
Anne McCaffreyThe White DragonDel Rey Books [34]
C. J. CherryhThe Faded Sun: KesrithGalaxy Science Fiction [34]
Tom ReamyBlind VoicesBerkley Putnam [34]
1980 Arthur C. Clarke*The Fountains of ParadiseVictor Gollancz Ltd [35]
John VarleyTitanBerkley Putnam [35]
Frederik PohlJemSt. Martin's Press [35]
Patricia A. McKillipHarpist in the WindAtheneum Books [35]
Thomas DischOn Wings of SongThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [35]
1981 Joan D. Vinge*The Snow QueenDial Press [36]
Robert SilverbergLord Valentine's CastleThe Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [36]
Larry NivenThe Ringworld EngineersGalileo Magazine of Science & Fiction [36]
Frederik PohlBeyond the Blue Event HorizonDel Rey Books [36]
John VarleyWizardBerkley Putnam [36]
1982 C. J. Cherryh*Downbelow StationDAW Books [37]
Gene WolfeThe Claw of the ConciliatorTimescape Books [37]
Julian MayThe Many-Colored LandHoughton Mifflin [37]
Clifford D. SimakProject PopeDel Rey Books [37]
John CrowleyLittle, BigBantam Books [37]
1983 Isaac Asimov*Foundation's EdgeDoubleday [38]
C. J. CherryhThe Pride of ChanurDAW Books [38]
Arthur C. Clarke2010: Odyssey TwoDel Rey Books [38]
Robert A. HeinleinFridayHolt, Rinehart and Winston [38]
Donald KingsburyCourtship RiteTimescape [38]
Gene WolfeThe Sword of the LictorTimescape [38]
1984 David Brin*Startide RisingBantam Books [39]
R. A. MacAvoyTea with the Black DragonBantam Books [39]
John VarleyMillenniumBerkley Books [39]
Anne McCaffreyMoreta: Dragonlady of PernDel Rey Books [39]
Isaac AsimovThe Robots of DawnDoubleday [39]
1985 William Gibson*NeuromancerAce Books [40]
David R. PalmerEmergenceBantam Books [40]
Vernor VingeThe Peace WarBluejay Books [40]
Robert A. HeinleinJob: A Comedy of JusticeDel Rey Books [40]
Larry NivenThe Integral TreesDel Rey Books [40]
1986 Orson Scott Card*Ender's GameTor Books [41]
C. J. CherryhCuckoo's EggDAW Books [41]
David BrinThe PostmanBantam Spectra [41]
Larry Niven Footfall Del Rey Books [41]
Jerry Pournelle
Greg BearBlood MusicArbor House [41]
1987 Orson Scott Card*Speaker for the DeadTor Books [42]
Bob ShawThe Ragged AstronautsVictor Gollancz Ltd [42]
William GibsonCount ZeroAsimov's Science Fiction [42]
Vernor VingeMarooned in RealtimeAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [42]
L. Ron HubbardBlack GenesisBridge Publications [42]
1988 David Brin*The Uplift WarBantam Spectra [43]
George Alec EffingerWhen Gravity FailsArbor House [43]
Orson Scott CardSeventh SonTor Books [43]
Greg BearThe Forge of GodTor Books [43]
Gene WolfeThe Urth of the New SunTor Books [43]
1989 C. J. Cherryh*CyteenWarner Books [44]
Orson Scott CardRed ProphetTor Books [44]
Lois McMaster BujoldFalling FreeAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [44]
Bruce SterlingIslands in the NetArbor House [44]
William GibsonMona Lisa OverdriveVictor Gollancz Ltd [44]
1990 Dan Simmons*HyperionDoubleday [45]
George Alec EffingerA Fire in the SunDoubleday [45]
Orson Scott CardPrentice AlvinTor Books [45]
Poul AndersonThe Boat of a Million YearsTor Books [45]
Sheri S. TepperGrassDoubleday [45]
1991 Lois McMaster Bujold*The Vor GameBaen Books [46]
David BrinEarthBantam Spectra [46]
Dan SimmonsThe Fall of HyperionDoubleday [46]
Michael P. Kube-McDowellThe Quiet PoolsAce Books [46]
Greg BearQueen of AngelsWarner Questar [46]
1992 Lois McMaster Bujold*BarrayarAnalog Science Fact & Fiction [47]
Emma BullBone DanceAce Books [47]
Anne McCaffreyAll the Weyrs of PernDel Rey Books [47]
Joan D. VingeThe Summer QueenWarner Questar [47]
Orson Scott CardXenocideTor Books [47]
Michael SwanwickStations of the TideAsimov's Science Fiction [47]
1993 Vernor Vinge*A Fire Upon the DeepTor Books [48]
Connie Willis*Doomsday BookBantam Spectra [48]
Kim Stanley RobinsonRed MarsHarperCollins [48]
Maureen F. McHughChina Mountain ZhangTor Books [48]
John VarleySteel BeachAce Books/Putnam Publishing Group [48]
1994 Kim Stanley Robinson*Green MarsHarperCollins [49]
Greg BearMoving MarsTor Books [49]
Nancy KressBeggars in SpainMorrow AvoNova [49]
David BrinGlory SeasonBantam Spectra [49]
William GibsonVirtual LightBantam Spectra [49]
1995 Lois McMaster Bujold*Mirror DanceBaen Books [50]
John BarnesMother of StormsTor Books [50]
Nancy KressBeggars and ChoosersTor Books [50]
Michael BishopBrittle InningsBantam Books [50]
James K. MorrowTowing JehovahHarcourt Brace [50]
1996 Neal Stephenson*The Diamond AgeBantam Spectra [51]
Stephen BaxterThe Time ShipsHarperPrism [51]
David BrinBrightness ReefBantam Books [51]
Robert J. SawyerThe Terminal Experiment (also known as Hobson's Choice)Analog Science Fiction and Fact [51]
Connie WillisRemakeBantam Spectra [51]
1997 Kim Stanley Robinson*Blue MarsHarperCollins Voyager [52]
Lois McMaster BujoldMemoryBaen Books [52]
Elizabeth MoonRemnant PopulationBaen Books [52]
Robert J. SawyerStarplexAnalog Science Fiction and Fact [52]
Bruce SterlingHoly FireBantam Spectra [52]
1998 Joe Haldeman*Forever PeaceAce Books [53]
Walter Jon WilliamsCity on FireHarperPrism [53]
Dan SimmonsThe Rise of EndymionBantam Spectra [53]
Robert J. SawyerFrameshiftTor Books [53]
Michael SwanwickJack FaustAvon Publications [53]
1999 Connie Willis*To Say Nothing of the DogBantam Spectra [54]
Mary Doria RussellChildren of GodVillard Books [54]
Robert Charles WilsonDarwiniaTor Books [54]
Bruce SterlingDistractionBantam Spectra [54]
Robert J. SawyerFactoring HumanityTor Books [54]
2000 Vernor Vinge*A Deepness in the SkyTor Books [55]
Lois McMaster BujoldA Civil CampaignBaen Books [55]
Neal StephensonCryptonomiconAvon Publications [55]
Greg BearDarwin's RadioHarperCollins [55]
J. K. RowlingHarry Potter and the Prisoner of AzkabanBloomsbury Publishing [55]
2001 J. K. Rowling*Harry Potter and the Goblet of FireBloomsbury Publishing [56]
George R. R. MartinA Storm of SwordsHarperCollins Voyager [56]
Robert J. SawyerCalculating GodTor Books [56]
Ken MacLeodThe Sky RoadTor Books [56]
Nalo HopkinsonMidnight RobberWarner Aspect [56]
2002 Neil Gaiman*American GodsWilliam Morrow and Company [57]
Lois McMaster BujoldThe Curse of ChalionEos [57]
Connie WillisPassageBantam Books [57]
China MiévillePerdido Street StationMacmillan Publishers [57]
Robert Charles WilsonThe ChronolithsTor Books [57]
Ken MacLeodCosmonaut KeepOrbit Books [57]
2003 Robert J. Sawyer*HominidsAnalog Science Fiction and Fact [58]
David BrinKiln People (also known as Kil'n People)Tor Books [58]
Michael SwanwickBones of the EarthEos [58]
China MiévilleThe ScarDel Rey Books [58]
Kim Stanley RobinsonThe Years of Rice and SaltBantam Books [58]
2004 Lois McMaster Bujold*Paladin of SoulsEos [59]
Dan SimmonsIliumEos [59]
Charles StrossSingularity SkyAce Books [59]
Robert Charles WilsonBlind LakeTor Books [59]
Robert J. SawyerHumansTor Books [59]
2005 Susanna Clarke*Jonathan Strange & Mr NorrellBloomsbury Publishing [60]
Ian McDonaldRiver of GodsSimon & Schuster [60]
Iain M. BanksThe AlgebraistOrbit Books [60]
Charles StrossIron SunriseAce Books [60]
China MiévilleIron CouncilDel Rey Books [60]
2006 Robert Charles Wilson*SpinTor Books [61]
Ken MacLeodLearning the WorldOrbit Books [61]
George R. R. MartinA Feast for CrowsVoyager Books [61]
John ScalziOld Man's WarTor Books [61]
Charles StrossAccelerandoAce Books [61]
2007 Vernor Vinge*Rainbows EndTor Books [62]
Charles StrossGlasshouseAce Books [62]
Naomi NovikHis Majesty's DragonVoyager Books [62]
Michael F. FlynnEifelheimTor Books [62]
Peter WattsBlindsightTor Books [62]
2008 Michael Chabon*The Yiddish Policemen's UnionHarperCollins [63]
John ScalziThe Last ColonyTor Books [63]
Charles StrossHalting StateAce Books [63]
Robert J. SawyerRollbackTor Books [63]
Ian McDonaldBrasylPyr [63]
2009 Neil Gaiman*The Graveyard BookHarperCollins [64]
Cory DoctorowLittle BrotherTor Books [64]
Neal StephensonAnathemMorrow [64]
Charles StrossSaturn's ChildrenAce Books [64]
John ScalziZoe's TaleTor Books [64]
2010 Paolo Bacigalupi*The Windup GirlNight Shade Books [65]
China Miéville*The City & the CityDel Rey Books [65]
Cherie PriestBoneshakerTor Books [65]
Robert J. SawyerWakeAce Books [65]
Catherynne M. ValentePalimpsestBantam Spectra [65]
Robert Charles WilsonJulian Comstock: A Story of 22nd-Century AmericaTor Books [65]
2011 Connie Willis*Blackout/All ClearSpectra Books [66]
Lois McMaster BujoldCryoburnBaen Books [66]
Ian McDonaldThe Dervish HouseGollancz / Pyr [66]
Mira GrantFeedOrbit Books [66]
N. K. JemisinThe Hundred Thousand KingdomsOrbit Books [66]
2012 Jo Walton*Among OthersTor Books [67]
George R. R. MartinA Dance with DragonsBantam Spectra [67]
Mira GrantDeadlineOrbit Books [67]
China MiévilleEmbassytownMacmillan Publishers / Del Rey Books [67]
James S. A. CoreyLeviathan WakesOrbit Books [67]
2013 John Scalzi*RedshirtsTor Books [68]
Kim Stanley Robinson2312Orbit Books [68]
Mira GrantBlackoutOrbit Books [68]
Lois McMaster BujoldCaptain Vorpatril's AllianceBaen Books [68]
Saladin AhmedThrone of the Crescent MoonDAW Books [68]
2014 Ann Leckie*Ancillary JusticeOrbit Books [69]
Charles StrossNeptune's BroodAce Books [69]
Mira GrantParasiteOrbit Books [69]
Larry CorreiaWarboundBaen Books [69]
Robert Jordan The Wheel of Time[lower-alpha 4] Tor Books [69]
Brandon Sanderson
2015[lower-alpha 5] Cixin Liu (Chinese)*[lower-alpha 6] The Three-Body Problem Tor Books [71]
Ken Liu (translator)*[lower-alpha 6]
Katherine AddisonThe Goblin EmperorTor Books [71]
Kevin J. AndersonThe Dark Between the StarsTor Books [71]
Jim ButcherSkin GameRoc Books [71]
Ann LeckieAncillary SwordOrbit Books [71]
2016 N. K. Jemisin*The Fifth SeasonOrbit Books [72]
Naomi NovikUprootedDel Rey Books [72]
Ann LeckieAncillary MercyOrbit Books [72]
Neal StephensonSevenevesWilliam Morrow and Company [72]
Jim ButcherThe Cinder Spires: The Aeronaut's WindlassRoc Books [72]
2017 N. K. Jemisin*The Obelisk GateOrbit Books [73]
Charlie Jane AndersAll the Birds in the SkyTor Books [73]
Becky ChambersA Closed and Common OrbitHodder & Stoughton [73]
Cixin Liu (Chinese)[lower-alpha 6] Death's End Tor Books [73]
Ken Liu (translator)[lower-alpha 6]
Yoon Ha LeeNinefox GambitSolaris Books [73]
Ada PalmerToo Like the LightningTor Books [73]
2018 N. K. Jemisin*The Stone SkyOrbit Books [74]
John ScalziThe Collapsing EmpireTor Books [74]
Kim Stanley RobinsonNew York 2140Orbit Books [74]
Ann LeckieProvenanceOrbit Books [74]
Yoon Ha LeeRaven StratagemSolaris Books [74]
Mur LaffertySix WakesOrbit Books [74]
2019 Mary Robinette Kowal*The Calculating StarsTor Books [75]
Becky ChambersRecord of a Spaceborn FewHodder & Stoughton / Harper Voyager [75]
Yoon Ha LeeRevenant GunSolaris Books [75]
Naomi NovikSpinning SilverDel Rey Books / Macmillan [75]
Rebecca RoanhorseTrail of LightningSaga Press [75]
Catherynne M. ValenteSpace OperaSaga Press [75]

Retro-Hugos

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro-Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro-Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3][lower-alpha 7] Retro-Hugos have been awarded seven times, for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1951, and 1954.

Year Year awarded Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1939 2014 T. H. White*The Sword in the StoneWilliam Collins, Sons [76]
Edgar Rice BurroughsCarson of VenusArgosy [76]
E. E. SmithGalactic PatrolAstounding Stories [76]
Jack WilliamsonThe Legion of TimeAstounding Science-Fiction [76]
C. S. LewisOut of the Silent PlanetThe Bodley Head [76]
1941 2016 A. E. van Vogt*SlanAstounding Science Fiction [77]
E. E. SmithGray LensmanAstounding Science Fiction [77]
T. H. WhiteThe Ill-Made KnightWilliam Collins, Sons [77]
Karin BoyeKallocainBonnier Group [77]
Jack WilliamsonThe Reign of WizardryUnknown [77]
1943 2018 Robert A. Heinlein (as Anson MacDonald)*Beyond This HorizonAstounding Science Fiction [78]
Olaf StapledonDarkness and the LightMethuen Publishing [78]
Curt SiodmakDonovan's BrainBlack Mask [78]
Austin Tappan WrightIslandiaFarrar & Rinehart [78]
E. E. SmithSecond Stage LensmenAstounding Science Fiction [78]
Dorothy MacardleThe UninvitedDoubleday [78]
1944 2019 Fritz Leiber*Conjure WifeUnknown Worlds [79]
C. L. Moore Earth's Last Citadel Argosy [75]
Henry Kuttner
Fritz LeiberGather, Darkness!Astounding Science-Fiction [79]
Hermann HesseDas Glasperlenspiel (The Glass Bead Game)Fretz & Wasmuth [79]
C. S. LewisPerelandraJohn Lane, The Bodley Head [79]
A. E. van VogtThe Weapon MakersAstounding Science-Fiction [79]
1946 1996 Isaac Asimov*The MuleAstounding Science-Fiction [80]
A. E. van VogtThe World of Null-AAstounding Science-Fiction [80]
C. S. LewisThat Hideous Strength (also known as The Tortured Planet)John Lane [80]
Fritz LeiberDestiny Times ThreeAstounding Science-Fiction [80]
Edmond Hamilton (as Brett Sterling)Red Sun of Danger (also known as Danger Planet)Startling Stories [80]
1951 2001 Robert A. Heinlein*Farmer in the SkyBoys' Life [81]
Isaac AsimovPebble in the SkyDoubleday [81]
C. S. LewisThe Lion, the Witch and the WardrobeGeoffrey Bles [81]
E. E. SmithFirst LensmanFantasy Press [81]
Jack VanceThe Dying EarthHillman Periodicals [81]
1954 2004 Ray Bradbury*Fahrenheit 451Ballantine Books [82]
Arthur C. ClarkeChildhood's EndBallantine Books [82]
Hal ClementMission of GravityAstounding Science-Fiction [82]
Isaac AsimovThe Caves of SteelGalaxy Science Fiction [82]
Theodore SturgeonMore Than HumanFarrar, Straus and Giroux [82]

See also

Notes

  1. Although Sylva was the first translated work to appear on the Hugo ballot, the translator was not officially recognized until 2019.
  2. Dune World was the title of the 1964 serialized novel; when "Dune World" and its sequel, "The Prophet of Dune", were incorporated into the 1966 edition of Dune, the book edition was allowed to be nominated in 1966.[19]
  3. The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress was serialized in 1965–66, and was allowed to be nominated for both years.
  4. The entire Wheel of Time series of novels was nominated as a whole under an interpretation of the rules, confirmed by the World Science Fiction Society, which permit multi-part works to be nominated as long as no individual part (or book) had ever been on the shortlist.
  5. Lines of Departure by Marko Kloos was initially nominated for Best Novel in 2015, but was withdrawn by the author after the nominees were announced in protest for being promoted by the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies nomination slates, the first time a nominee was withdrawn after announcement. It was replaced on the ballot by The Three-Body Problem by Cixin Liu, the eventual winner.[70]
  6. Although translated works are eligible for the Hugo Awards (both when originally published and again upon translation into English), Cixin Liu's 2015 winner The Three-Body Problem and 2017 nominee Death's End are the only novels for which both the author and the translator (Ken Liu) were officially recognized during the awards process
  7. Although no "Best Novel" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro-Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.

References

  1. Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  2. Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  3. "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
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