Hatch Act of 1887

The Hatch Act of 1887 (ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440, enacted 1887-03-02, 7 U.S.C. § 361a et seq.) gave federal funds, initially of $15,000 each, to state land-grant colleges in order to create a series of agricultural experiment stations, as well as pass along new information, especially in the areas of soil minerals and plant growth. The bill was named for Congressman William Hatch, who chaired the House Committee of Agriculture at the time the bill was introduced. State agricultural stations created under this act were usually connected with those land-grant state colleges and universities founded under the Morrill Act of 1862, with few exceptions.

Hatch Act of 1887
Long titleAn Act to establish agricultural experiment stations in connection with the colleges established in the several States under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the acts supplementary thereto.
Enacted bythe 49th United States Congress
EffectiveMarch 2, 1887
Statutes at Large24 Stat. 440, Chapter 314
Titles amended7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created7 U.S.C. ch. 14 § 361a et seq.
Legislative history

Many stations founded under the Hatch Act later became the foundations for state cooperative extension services under the Smith–Lever Act of 1914.

Congress amended the act in 1955 to add a formula that uses rural and farm population factors to allocate the annual appropriation for agricultural experiment stations among the states. Under the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107–171, Sec. 7212), states will continue to be required to provide at least 100% matching funds (traditionally, most states have provided more). On average, Hatch Act formula funds constitute 10% of total funding for each experiment station. (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.).

See also

  • "The Hatch Act of 1887". National Institute of Food and Agriculture. United States Department of Agriculture.
  • Barnes, John M. (1988). "Impacts of the Hatch Act on the Science of Plant Pathology" [Hatch Act Observance] (PDF). The American Phytopathological Society.

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