Halikko

Halikko (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑlikːo]) is a former municipality of Finland that existed until December 31, 2008. On January 1, 2009 the municipality was merged with the larger neighboring Salo. Before the merge Halikko had become a rapidly urbanizing rural area.[1]

Halikko
Halikon kunta
Halikko kommun

Coat of arms
CountryFinland
ProvinceWestern Finland
RegionSouthwest Finland
Sub-regionSalo
Merged with SaloJanuary 1, 2009
Government
  City managerSimo Paassilta
Area
  Total357.31 km2 (137.96 sq mi)
  Land356.79 km2 (137.76 sq mi)
  Water0.52 km2 (0.20 sq mi)
Area rank260th
Population
 (2003)
  Total9,374
  Rank112th
  Density26/km2 (68/sq mi)
 +1.4 % change
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Official languagesFinnish
Urbanisation68.4%
Unemployment rate8.7%
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.halikko.fi/

It was located in the province of Western Finland and was part of the Southwest Finland region. The municipality had a population of 9,491 (2004-12-31) and covered an area of 357.31 km² (excluding sea) of which 0.52 km² was inland water. The population density was 26.60 inhabitants per km².

The municipality was unilingually Finnish.

History

There is evidence that areas in Halikko has been settled in the Stone Age. One of the prehistoric villages, Rikala, became an important trade and meeting place on the Finnish coast during the Iron Age. The vikings sailed to Rikala to trade with the finns. Several Iron Age treasures has been found in Halikko.

In the first centuries of the Swedish rule in Finland, the land was given to the ruling class. Manors of Åminne, Vuorentaka and Wiurila were founded and they became powerful owners in Halikko. The oldest documented record of Halikko is from 1313. The stone church of Halikko was built in 1440.

The mucipality of Halikko was formed in 1865 due the municipal reform. The count of Wiurila became the first municipal manager. In 1932 Halikko had to give land to its growing neighbour Salo. In 1967 the municipality of Angelniemi was merged with Halikko.

On January 1, 2009 Halikko ceased to exist as it was attached to the City of Salo. The territory of the former Halikko thus changed status from rural to urban.

Name

The name Halikko is mentioned for the first time in 1313. One theory is that the name derives from the Germanic name Halicho or Halik.[2]

See also

Media related to Halikko at Wikimedia Commons

References

  1. FACTA - tietosanakirja, p 206. WSOY, 2006. ISBN 951-0-31930-9 (in Finnish)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2010-07-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.