Gulf of Penas

The Gulf of Penas (English: Gulf of distress) is a body of water located south of Taitao Peninsula, Chile. It is open to the westerly storms of the Pacific Ocean, but it affords entrance to several natural harbours. Among these are the Gulfs of Tres Montes and San Esteban, and Tarn Bay at the entrance to Messier Channel.[1]

Spanish explorers and Jesuits that sailed south from Chiloé Archipelago in the 17th and 18th centuries regularly avoided rounding Taitao Peninsula entering the gulf after a brief land crossing at the isthmus of Ofqui.[2]

In 1741, while attempting to pass through the Gulf of Penas, HMS Wager wrecked in a storm along the coast of what would become Wager Island, Guayaneco Archipelago.[3][2]


  1.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Moyna, Edward Gerald James (1911). "Chile". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 143.
  2. Vásquez Caballero, Ricardo Felipe. "Aau, el secreto de los chono" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved January 24, 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. Sepúlveda Ortíz, Jorge. "Exploraciones efectuadas en la región de Trapananda antes del siglo XIX" (PDF). Boletín de la Academia de Historia Naval y Marítima de Chile (in Spanish): 95–110. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  • Instituto Geográfico Militar (1970). Atlas de la República de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geográfico Militar. Second edition.

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