Grand Canyon Limited
|Grand Canyon Limited|
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Locale||Midwestern and Southwestern United States|
|First service||June 29, 1929|
|Last service||May 1, 1971|
|Former operator(s)||Santa Fe|
|Average journey time||51 hours, 10 minutes (westbound)|
48 hours (eastbound)
|Train number(s)||23 and 24|
|Line(s) used||Grand Canyon Route|
|Seating arrangements||Chair cars|
Dormitory Lounge Car
|Catering facilities||Dining car|
|Baggage facilities||Baggage car|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Operating speed||43.7 mph (70.3 km/h) (westbound)|
46.6 mph (75.0 km/h) (eastbound)
In 1901 the Santa Fe Railroad completed a 64-mile (103-km) branch from Williams, Arizona, to "Grand Canyon Village" at the South Rim of Grand Canyon National Park. The first scheduled train arrived from Williams on September 17 of that year; branch line trains and excursions from Southern California, Chicago, and Texas could run directly to the Rim. On June 29, 1929, service commenced on the Grand Canyon Limited, which became a celebrated vacation train.
The westward train split at Barstow, one section running to San Francisco (Oakland-Richmond) via the Tehachapi Loop while the other continued to Los Angeles. In 1938 it began running via Amarillo instead of La Junta; in 1950 it became two trains west of Kansas City, one by each route.
During World War II the Limited often ran in two or three sections carrying troops. In later years the train lost passengers to the railroad's newer trains such as the Super Chief with its streamlined cars.
The Grand Canyon train lost its name in early 1968 when the railway petitioned the ICC to drop service to Grand Canyon National Park; the train would continue as Trains 23 and 24 until the May 1, 1971, handover of all passenger service to Amtrak. While the Santa Fe had been willing to continue operating its famed Chiefs and the San Diegan, the prospect of having to operate its less successful routes until at least 1976 led it to hand its passenger routes to Amtrak. The Grand Canyon had been a particularly large albatross around the Santa Fe's neck for some time; it remained a mostly whistle stop train long after the automobile made such scheduling obsolete.
- September 17, 1901: The Santa Fe inaugurates service on the Grand Canyon Railway, running between Williams, Arizona, and the South Rim of Grand Canyon.
- January 1905: The first-class, Santa Fe-built El Tovar Hotel opens its doors. The structure is situated just 20 feet from the canyon rim.
- June 29, 1929: The Grand Canyon Limited enters service; schedule 66 hours each way between Chicago and Los Angeles.
- June 4, 1938: the Grand Canyon Limited is rerouted over the Belen cutoff through Amarillo, Texas. Transit time is reduced to 60 hr 15 min westward and 58 hr 35 min eastward.
- July 7, 1945: Combined train No. 2 (The Scout) and No. 24, powered by locomotive #3733, strikes a "Caterpillar" shovel. The locomotive's pilot, headlight, and cylinders are damaged.
- June 2, 1946: The Grand Canyon Limited begins running via Riverside-Fullerton) instead of Pasadena.
- June 8, 1947: The train receives its first diesel locomotives and stainless-steel lightweight passenger cars. The train is broken into two sections and the name is shortened to the Grand Canyon; the schedule is reduced to 48 hours, 45 minutes.
- December 27, 1949: Train No. 23 collides with an automobile at a grade crossing in Highland Park, California, which flattens the wheels on the locomotives.
- May 31, 1951: Combined train is sideswiped by train No. 123 in Chandler, Arizona, derailing cars #RSX 287, express #2558, baggage #1634, and "chair" cars #3108 and #3070. No. 123 cars baggage #1791 and #1601, "chair" cars #3087, #3158, and #1169, diner #1461, lounge #136, and sleepers L.S. Hungerford, Tonelea, Toreva, and Centgate also sustain damage.
- April 5, 1964: Train No. 123 with five diesel units and 16 cars hits a rockslide at 81 miles-per-hour ( 130 kilometers-per-hour ) near Doublea, Arizona, which derails the five diesels, a passenger car and ten baggage cars.
- Early 1968: The Santa Fe Railway files for permission to discontinue all passenger service to the Grand Canyon National Park; the Grand Canyon train is stripped of its name becoming simply Trains 23 and 24.
- May 2, 1971: The final Train 24 that left Los Angeles on April 30 arrives at Dearborn Station in Chicago, ending Santa Fe revenue passenger service.
- 2002: ATSF Steam Locomotive 3751 runs on the line as part of the 2002 NRHS Convention on the Grand Canyon Railway route.
- May 16, 2012: As part of the State of Arizona's centennial celebration, a 5-day journey to the Grand Canyon took place on a special excursion train of the same name. ATSF Steam Locomotive 3751 and Grand Canyon Steam Locomotive 4960 pulled the train with the help of an Amtrak heritage unit for an exclusive train ride on the Grand Canyon Railway Route.
A variety of steam- and diesel-powered locomotives pulled the Grand Canyon Limited.
- a baggage-dormitory-buffet smoking car
- two "chair" cars (coaches)
- a dining car
- three compartment and drawing-room sleepers
- a full open-end observation / parlor car
Train length varied; the train often ran in two or three sections during the summer months.
Near the end of its career, in 1968, a typical consist between Chicago and Kansas City was:
- Two ALCO PAs
- One streamline baggage car
- Two coaches;
- "Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Timetables". The Official Guide of the Railways. 101 (1): 517–547. June 1968.
- "Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Timetables". The Official Guide of the Railways. 103 (11): 428–450. April 1971.
- Santa Fe timetable, March 1971 http://www.streamlinerschedules.com/concourse/track8/grandcanyon197104.html
- "Pike Sized Trains". Model Railroader. Vol. 47 no. 11. November 1980. p. 67.
- Duke, Donald and Stan Kistler (1963). Santa Fe...Steel Rails through California. Golden West Books, San Marino, CA.
- Duke, Donald (1997). Santa Fe: The Railroad Gateway to the American West, Volume Two. Golden West Books, San Marino, CA. ISBN 0-87095-110-6.
- Frailey, Fred W. (1974). A Quarter Century of Santa Fe Consists. RPC Publications, Godfrey, IL.
- Schafer, Mike, Pike Size Trains, Model Railroader Magazine, November 1980, p. 67
- Strein, Robert; et al. (2001). Santa Fe: The Chief Way. New Mexico Magazine. ISBN 0-937206-71-7.
- Wayner, Robert J., ed. (1972). Car Names, Numbers and Consists. New York: Wayner Publications. OCLC 8848690.
- Zimmermann, Karl R. (1987). Santa Fe Streamliners: The Chiefs and their Tribesmen. New York: Quadrant Press. ISBN 0915276410. OCLC 19005401.
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