Gotland Municipality

Gotland Municipality (Swedish: Gotlands kommun) is a municipality that covers the entire island of Gotland in Sweden. The city of Visby is the municipality's seat.

Gotland Municipality

Gotlands kommun

Coat of arms
Gotland Municipality
Coordinates: 57°38′N 18°17′E
Country Sweden
National AreaSmåland and the islands
CountyGotland County
SeatVisby
Area
  Total15,241.07 km2 (5,884.61 sq mi)
  Land3,134.05 km2 (1,210.06 sq mi)
  Water12,107.02 km2 (4,674.55 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
 (31 December 2018)[2]
  Total59,249
  Density18.9/km2 (49/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceGotland
Municipal code0980
Websitewww.gotland.se

History

On December 31, 1951 there were 93 local government units on the island of Gotland, among them one city (Visby), one market town (Slite), one county council and a lot of rural municipalities, many of them with less than 100 inhabitants.

Twenty years later the situation was totally different.

The first of the two nationwide local government reforms in Sweden during the 20th century was implemented on January 1, 1952. From that date on, the rural municipalities on the island were regrouped into twelve new enlarged municipalities, which together with Visby, Slite and the Gotland County Council formed the new administrative pattern.

After ten years it was clear that this reform had not been radical enough and the work began preparing for the next one.

On January 1, 1971 the second and last local government reform was implemented in Sweden. All administrative and judicial differences between rural and urban areas were abolished. Only one type of municipality (kommun) existed from that date on. In the case of Gotland all the former entities were united into one single unit. As there was only one municipality in the county, also the County Council was abolished and merged into the new unitary municipality.

As the municipality has both local and regional functions, normally provided by the Municipalities of Sweden and the County councils of Sweden respectively, Gotland has a special status as a municipality and is officially called Region Gotland as of 2011.

Localities

There are 16 urban areas (also called a Tätort or locality) in Gotland Municipality.

In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population. The municipal seat is in bold characters.

#LocalityPopulation in 2005Population in 2012[3]
1Visby22,23623,576
2Hemse1,8361,734
3Slite1,5981,500
4Klintehamn1,4071,350
5Vibble1,1351,300
6Romakloster905949
7Fårösund862800
8Lärbro521500
9Burgsvik347350
10Stånga342300
11Havdhem318300
12Västerhejde302n a[4]
13Tingstäde278n a[4]
14Väskinde275250
15Roma kyrkby253n a[4]
16När209n a[4]

Politics

Riksdag

These are the results of the elections to the Riksdag held in Gotland since 1973. The results only include parties that have won representation in the Riksdag assembly at least once during this timeframe. The results of the Sweden Democrats were not listed at a municipal level by the SCB between 1988 and 1998 due to the party's small size at the time.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND
1973[5] 90.2 34,168 1.8 37.2 0.0 39.6 7.3 1.0 12.7 0.0 0.0
1976[6] 90.7 36,105 2.6 37.7 0.0 37.3 8.3 0.6 13.4 0.0 0.0
1979[7] 90.0 36,585 4.2 38.7 0.0 31.3 8.7 0.6 16.1 0.0 0.0
1982[8] 90.6 37,646 3.7 42.1 2.3 27.3 5.1 1.0 18.3 0.0 0.0
1985[9] 88.9 37,766 3.7 41.8 2.5 24.4 10.4 0.0 17.0 0.0 0.0
1988[10] 85.8 36,362 4.1 41.0 6.8 25.0 7.9 1.5 13.4 0.0 0.0
1991[11] 85.9 36,458 3.8 36.2 4.3 20.7 6.6 5.0 16.7 0.0 6.4
1994[12] 86.1 37,009 5.2 43.5 6.7 17.9 4.5 2.5 18.0 0.0 1.3
1998[13] 79.8 34,201 10.8 34.8 5.7 15.0 3.4 8.7 19.2 0.0 0.0
2002[14] 79.0 34,376 8.4 40.8 5.5 15.6 7.8 6.5 14.0 0.6 0.0
2006[15] 81.4 35,750 6.0 34.9 6.3 19.3 4.4 3.8 21.6 1.6 0.0
2010[16] 84,9 38,640 6.1 33.3 8.4 14.6 4.6 2.9 25.2 3.2 0.0
2014[17] 86.5 39,655 5.8 32.2 7.2 13.4 3.8 2.8 21.3 8.2 0.0

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party. "Elected" is the total number of percentage points from the municipality that went to parties who were elected to the Riksdag.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 90.2 34,168 39.0 59.6 0.0 1.4 98.6
1976 90.7 36,105 40.3 59.0 0.0 0.7 99.3
1979 90.0 36,585 42.9 56.1 0.0 1.0 99.0
1982 90.6 37,646 45.8 50.7 0.0 3.5 96.5
1985 88.9 37,766 45.5 51.8 0.0 2.7 97.3
1988 85.8 36,362 51.9 46.3 0.0 1.7 98.3
1991 85.9 36,458 40.0 49.0 0.0 11.0 95.6
1994 86.1 37,009 55.4 40.4 0.0 4.2 95.8
1998 79.8 34,201 51.3 46.3 0.0 2.4 97.6
2002 79.0 34,376 54.7 43.9 0.0 1.4 98.6
2006 81.4 35,750 47.2 49.1 0.0 3.7 96.3
2010 84,9 38,640 47.8 47.3 3.2 1.7 98.3
2014 86.5 39,655 45.2 41.3 8.2 5.3 94.7

Local

Election results:

Party Seats in the
2002 election
Seats in the
2006 election
Seats in the
2010 election
Seats in the
2014 election
Swedish Social Democratic Party 28242421
Centre Party 13171514
Moderate Party 11141513
Left Party 8767
Liberal People's Party 4444
Green Party 4478
Christian Democrats 3100
Sweden Democrats 0003
Feminist Initiative 0001
Total 71717171

Region

When Gotland was made into a single municipality in the 1970s, the county council was abolished and its responsibilities transferred to the municipality, making it a unitary authority. During a trial period some of the authority normally held by the Gotland County Administrative Board, an agency of the national government, has also been devolved to the Gotland Municipality, as well as to two mainland councils. The municipality of Gotland is therefore in this respect also a region. It has responsibility for the public healthcare system and public transport.

Events organised by the municipality

The municipality coordinates the annual Almedalen Week (Almedalsveckan), an important meetingplace for everyone involved in Swedish politics. During the week, representatives from the political parties in the Riksdag take turns to hold speeches in the Almedalen park in Visby.

See also

References

  1. "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2014-01-01. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel) on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2018" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  3. "Gotland i siffror, pdf". www.gotland.se (in Swedish). Region Gotland. pp. 65–67. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  4. Some numbers are not available for 2012, since the population was listed as inhabitants in each socken. Only a few localities were mentioned, and these only as approximations.
  5. "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 163)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  6. "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 158)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  7. "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 182)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  8. "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 183)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  9. "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 184)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  10. "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 165)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  11. "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 25)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  12. "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 39)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  13. "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 35)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  14. "Valresultat Riksdag Gotlands kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  15. "Valresultat Riksdag Gotlands län 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  16. "Valresultat Riksdag Gotlands län 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  17. "Valresultat Riksdag Gotlands län 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
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