Geography of the Czech Republic

The geography of the Czech Republic is quite varied. Bohemia, at the west part of Czech Republic, consists of a river basin, drained by the Elbe (Czech: Labe) and Vltava rivers. It is surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudetes with its part Krkonoše, containing the highest point in the country, the Sněžka at 1,603 metres (5,259 ft). Moravia, the eastern part, is also quite hilly and is drained predominantly by the Morava river, but also contains the source of the Oder (Czech: Odra) river. Water from the landlocked Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. The Czech Republic also possesses Moldauhafen, a 30,000-square-metre (7.4-acre) enclave in the middle of Hamburg docks, which was awarded to Czechoslovakia by Article 363 of the Treaty of Versailles to allow the landlocked country a place where goods transported downriver could be transferred to seagoing ships; this territory reverts to Germany in 2028.



Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Geographic coordinates: 49°45′N 15°30′E

Map references: Europe


  • total: 78,867 km2 (30,451 sq mi)
  • land: 77,247 km2 (29,825 sq mi)
  • water: 1,620 km2 (630 sq mi)

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina, USA; slightly larger than Scotland

Land boundaries:

  • total: 2,290 km (1,423 mi)
  • border countries: Austria 466 km (290 mi), Germany 810 km (503 mi),[1] Poland 762 km (473 mi), Slovakia 252 km (157 mi)

Hook, Šluknov Hook, Frýdlant Hook, Broumov Hook, Javorník Hook, Osoblaha Hook, Břeclav Hook (March-Thaya Triangle).

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; hot summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation extremes:

  • lowest point: Elbe River - 115 m (377 ft)
  • highest point: Sněžka - 1,603 m (5,259 ft)

Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, uranium

Land use:

  • arable land: 40.88%
  • permanent crops: 0.98%
  • other: 58.14% (2012 est.)

Irrigated land: 385.3 km2 or 148.8 sq mi0 (2007)

Total renewable water resources: 13.15 km3 (3 cu mi) (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

  • total: 1.7 km3/yr (41%/56%/2%)
  • per capita: 164.7 m3/yr (2009)

Natural hazards: flooding

Environment - international agreements:

Geography - note: landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe

Important cities





Rank City Region Population [2] Metropolitan area




1PraguePrague, the Capital City1,313,5082,300,000
2BrnoSouth Moravian377,440729,510
7Ústí nad LabemÚstí nad Labem93,409243,878
8České BudějoviceSouth Bohemian93,285190,000[4]
9Hradec KrálovéHradec Králové92,808-
13KladnoCentral Bohemian68,5522,300,000
14MostÚstí nad Labem67,08995,316
19TepliceÚstí nad Labem50,079-
20DěčínÚstí nad Labem49,833-

See also


  1. "CIA - The World Factbook -- Czech Republic". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. May 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  2. "2011 census" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  3. Nařízení vlády č. 212/1997, kterým se vyhlašuje závazná část územního plánu velkého územního celku Olomoucké aglomerace
  4. Územní plán velkého územního celku ČESKOBUDĚJOVICKÉ SÍDELNÍ AGLOMERACE,

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website

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