Fossils of Egypt
- Ernst Stromer
- Richard Markgraf, early 1900s, (he died in Sinnuris of Giza in 1916)
- A. B. Orlebar. Fayoum 1845
- George Schweinfurth,Geziret al-Qarn in Lake Qarun 1879 & Qasr al-Sagha Formation ancient whale fossils named Zeuglodom osiris.
- Hugh Beadnell Fayoum in 1898
- Charles Andrews, 1901, they unearthed a wealth of fossils Palaeomastodon, the oldest known elephant
- Eberhard Frass, Fayoum 1905
- Walter Granger & Henry F. Osborn, Fayoum 1907
- Wendell Phillips 1947
- Elwyn L. Simons, Fayoum 1961- 1986
- Bowm and Rasmussen, 1980s
Fayoum, Petrified wood protectorate in New-Cairo Area/ Cairo-Suez desert road & entire Western Desert of Egypt is covered in Petrified wood.
This is one of the clues that the region was a tropical climate. The petrified wood is very diverse and many samples are very beautiful, often actually littering the ground in certain areas.
The area of Uganda bordering Lake Victoria and the upper Nile River area is not unlike the climate of the Fayoum long ago, where many bird fossils have been discovered.
- large Hyrax (Megalohyrax oecaenus)
- Fayoum's whale or Zeuglodon or more precisely the Basilosaurus in Fayoum's Wadi Zeuglodon (or wadi al-Hitan, Whale Valley)
- Another whale in Wadi Zeuglodon is the Dorudon
- Arsinoitherium, a rhinoceros like animal with two horns
- Arsinoitherium zitteli
- Arsinoitherium andrewsi
- Elephants (mastodons) in Fayoum
- Sirenia (Sea Cow)
The Fayoum primates
- The Lower sequence primates
- The upper sequence primates
- Parapithecus fraasi
- Parapithecus grangeri
- Aegyptopithecus zeuxis
- Propliopithecus, (P. chirobates, P. ankeli, P. haeckeli and P. markgrafi)