Faiyum Governorate

Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الفيوم Muḥāfāzah Al Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,072,181 (2014).[4]

Faiyum Governorate

Flag

Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatFaiyum (capital)
Government
  GovernorEssam Saad Ibrahim Ahmed[1]
Area
  Total1,827 km2 (705 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2018)
  Total3,666,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.671[3]
medium
Websitewww.fayoum.gov.eg

Etymology




pA-y-m (Faiyum)
in hieroglyphs

The name Faiyum comes from Coptic  ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.

Overview

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[5]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 3,615,486. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[6][7]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Faiyumمركز الفيومAl-Fayyūm557,883Markaz
Faiyum 1 & 2قسم الفيومAl-Fayyūm 1 & 2475,139Kism (fully urban)
Ibshewayمركز أبشواىIbshawāy417,854Markaz
Itsaمركز أطساIṭsā712,328Markaz
New Faiyumمدينة الفيوم الجديدةMadīnat al-Fayyūm al-Jadīdah396New City
Sinnurisمركز سنورسSinnūris637,769Markaz
Tamiyaمركز طاميةṬāmiyah448,659Markaz
Yousef El Seddikمركز يوسف الصديقYūsuf aṣ-Ṣiddīq incl. Ash-Shawāshnah365,458Markaz

Geography

The governorate of Faiyum includes:

  • The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises farmland, Lake Moeris, and some cities.
  • South of the Faiyum Oasis, a smaller depression contains the town of El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is also irrigated from the Nile.
  • A dry barren depression named Wadi El Rayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), west of the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
  • Desert and dry mountains, which mostly surround the depressions.

Population

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 22.5%. Out of an estimated 3,170,150 people residing in the governorate, 2,456,368 people lived in rural areas and only 713,782 lived in urban areas.[8][9]

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]

  • Kom Oshim
  • New Kom Oshim
  • Kouta
  • (New urban community industrial zone) New Fayoum

Notable people

See also

References

  1. "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  6. "Faiyum Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  7. "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  8. "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. Yasser, Nayera (April 30, 2015). "Amna Elshandaweely and Nada Elsonbaty pave 'Road to Fayoum'". Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  12. "The Fayoum Portraits". Per Ankh Trading. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
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