Emmanuel Le Borgne
Le Borgne was a highly successful merchant in France and had financed d’Aulnay in his Acadian trade. When d’Aulnay died by drowning, Le Borgne laid formal claim to the estate. He then sent an expedition to Acadia the next year to attempt a monopoly of the trade and secure the money owed to him. His youngest son, Alexandre Le Borgne de Belle-Isle, acted as governor temporarily, ahead of his father's arrival to Acadia.
His competition was Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour at Saint John (whose daughter, Marie, was, in 1668, wed to his son, Alexandre) and another former governor of Acadia, Nicolas Denys, at Cape Breton.
In 1653, along with raiding Pentagouet (Castine, Maine), LaHave, Nova Scotia, and Nipisguit (Bathurst, New Brunswick), Emmanuel Le Borgne, with 100 men, also raided Saint-Pierre. Denys was taken prisoner and returned to France.
- "Alexandre Le Borgne de Belisle and Anastasie de St.Castin". Nova Scotia Archives. The Registers of St. Jean-Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Griffiths, N.E.S. (2005). From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Border People, 1604-1755. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-7735-2699-0.
- Emmanuel Le Borgne (Gouverneur de 1657 à 1667)
- Wade, Mason (1979) . "Le Borgne, Emmanuel". In Brown, George Williams (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. I (1000–1700) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.