Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県 Ehime-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,676 km² (2,191 sq mi). Ehime Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the northeast, Tokushima Prefecture to the east, and Kochi Prefecture to the southeast.
|Subdivisions||Districts: 7, Municipalities: 20|
|• Governor||Tokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)|
|• Total||5,676.23 km2 (2,191.60 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|• Density||240/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-38|
|Mammal||Japanese river otter ("Lutra lutra whiteleyi")|
|Bird||Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige)|
|Fish||Red sea bream (Pagrus major)|
|Flower||Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)|
Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province. Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.
The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.
As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.
Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns in each district:
The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls.
Universities and colleges
Senior high schools
The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.
The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.
- Route 11
- Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi)
- Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi)
- Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
- Route 194
- Route 196
- Route 197
- Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
- Route 319
- Route 320
- Route 378
- Route 380
- Route 437
- Route 440
- Route 441
- Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)
- Kawanoe Port
- Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
- Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
- Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
- Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
- Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
- Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
- Uwajima Port
International sister cities / Economic exchange counterparts
- 愛媛県の紹介 ＞ 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V
- "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- "International exchange activated with globalization". Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 2018-10-27.