Dothan (ancient city)

Dothan (Hebrew: דֹתָן) (also Dotan) was a biblical city located north of Shechem, about 100 km north of Hebron. Eusebius places it 12 miles to the north of Sebaste (Samaria).[1] It has been identified with Tel Dothan located ten kilometers (driving distance) southwest of the Palestinian city of Jenin, near Dotan Junction of Route 60.[2][3][4]


Dothan is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 37:17) in connection with the history of Joseph, as the place where Jacob (Israel's) sons had moved their sheep and where, at the suggestion of Judah, the brothers sold Joseph to the Ishmaelite merchants (Gen. 37:17). It later appears as the residence of Elisha (2 Kings 6:13) and the scene of a vision of chariots and horses of fire surrounding the mountain on which the city stood.[5] The city served as an Israelite administrative center during this period and archaeology has discovered a large complex and Hebrew inscriptions from the site.[6][7]

The Israeli settlement of Mevo Dotan (lit. Approach to Dothan) is named for the city, as is Dothan, Alabama.

See also


  1. Eusebius of Caesarea, Onomasticon (1971), Notes edited by. C. Umhau Wolf under "Merran", accessed 27 December 2017
  2. Daniel M. Master; John Monson. "Tel Dothan 2002 Overview". Harvard University: Faculty of arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
  3. "Tel Dothan (photo and map)". Retrieved 2011-07-24.
  4. Robinson, Edward, Biblical Researches in Palestine and the Adjacent Regions (Boston: 1860), vol. ii, page 419.
  5. 2 Kings 6:17
  6. Master, Monson, Lass and Peirce. (2005). Dothan I: Remains from the Tell (1953-1964). Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. Miglio (2014). "Epigraphic Artifacts from Tell Dothan". BASOR.


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