Desfours is a noble family of French descent that originated in the Lorraine but became prominent in Bohemia during the 16th century. Their parent house is the Athienville from Luneville and Chateau-Salins. The family became official on May 30, 1634 with the declaration of Field Marshal-Lieutenant Niclas Desfours to Earl of Athienville.
In the mid-17th Century, the counts of Desfours were owners of the estates Groß Rohosetz and Morchenstern. Count Albrecht Maximilian limited the inheritance of these holding to them and their lineal descendants, in 1678. From this family the royal branch of Desfours-Walderode derived. Other properties of the family included Potštát (1797), Malá Skála (1628), Semily (1634), Tanvald and Velhartice (1743).