The Deferribacteraceae are a family of gram-negative bacteria which make energy by anaerobic respiration.[1]

Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Deferribacteres
Order: Deferribacterales
Family: Deferribacteraceae
Huber & Stetter 2002


Deferribacteraceae are rod-shaped, although the rods may be straight or bent. They are gram-negative. Deferribacteraceae perform anaerobic respiration using iron, manganese, or nitrate. They can also produce energy by fermentation. The type genus of the family is Deferribacter.[1]


The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN) [2] [3]

  • Phylum Deferribacteres Garrity & Holt 2001 emend. Jumas-Bilak et al. 2009 [Deferribacteraeota Oren et al. 2015]
    • Class Deferribacteres Huber & Stetter 2002
      • Order Deferribacterales Huber & Stetter 2002
        • Family Deferribacteraceae Huber & Stetter 2002
          • Genus Calditerrivibrio Iino et al. 2008
            • Species Calditerrivibrio nitroreducens Iino et al. 2008
          • Genus Denitrovibrio Myhr & Torsvik 2000
            • Species Denitrovibrio acetiphilus Myhr & Torsvik 2000
          • Genus Deferribacter Greene et al. 1997
          • Genus Flexistipes Fiala et al. 2000
            • Species Flexistipes sinusarabici Fiala et al. 2000
          • Genus Geovibrio Caccavo et al. 2000
          • Genus Mucispirillum Robertson et al. 2005
          • Genus Seleniivibrio Rauschenbach et al. 2013
            • Species Seleniivibrio woodruffii Rauschenbach et al. 2013


The family was first described in 2001 in order to hold the genera Deferribacter, Flexistipes, and Geovibrio.[1]


  1. Huber, H., and Stetter, K.O.. "Family I. Deferribacteraceae fam. nov." In: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria) (D.R. Boone and R.W. Castenholz, eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York (2001). pp. 465-466.
  2. See the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Data extracted from the "Deferribacteres". Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  3. See the NCBI webpage on Deferribacteres Data extracted from the "NCBI Taxonomy Browser". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2013-03-20.

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