Czech nationalism is the nationalism that asserts that Czechs are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Czechs. Czech nationalism in modern sense first arose in the 19th century as Czech National Revival. In 1848 firstly transferred into the politics of Austrian Empire in Old Czech Party led by František Palacký. Czech national politicians such as Karel Kramář in home and Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk abroad, endorsed liberation during World War I as a means to free Czech lands from Austro-Hungarian rule.
In 1990–1992 during transformation of Czechoslovakia into liberal market economy, due to disputes on shape of Czechoslovak federation, Slovak national aspirations strengthened and one of the reasons for final dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 were with the Slovak nationalism also Czech economic nationalism, for not to fund not so developed Slovak economy. Czech Republic became independent on 1 January 1993.
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