Czech Academy of Sciences

The Czech Academy of Sciences (abbr. CAS, Czech: Akademie věd České republiky, abbr. AV ČR) was established in 1992 by the Czech National Council as the Czech successor of the former Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and its tradition goes back to the Royal Bohemian Society of Sciences (founded in 1784) and the Emperor Franz Joseph Czech Academy for Sciences, Literature and Arts (founded in 1890). The Academy is the leading non-university public research institution in the Czech Republic. It conducts both fundamental and strategic applied research.

The Czech Academy of Sciences
Akademie věd České republiky
Established1784 Royal Czech Society of Sciences
1953 Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences
1992 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
PresidentProf. Eva Zažímalová
Administrative staff
7771
4395
Location,
50°04′54″N 14°24′51″E
Websitehttp://www.avcr.cz/

It has three scientific divisions, namely the Division of Mathematics, Physics, and Earth Sciences, Division of Chemical and Life Sciences, and Division of Humanities and Social Sciences. The Academy currently manages a network of sixty research institutes and five supporting units staffed by a total of 6,400 employees, over one half of whom are university-trained researchers and Ph.D. scientists.

The Head Office of the Academy and forty research institutes are located in Prague, the remaining institutes being situated throughout the country.

History

The establishment of the academy in 1992 follows several previous organizations:

  • Royal Czech Society of Doctrines (Královská česká společnost nauk), 1784–1952
  • Czech Academy of Sciences and Arts (Česká akademie věd a umění), 1890–1952
  • Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (Československá akademie věd), 1953-1992

In 2010 the academy adopted an open access policy to make its research outputs free to read and reuse.[1]

Institutes of AS CR

The official structure of the AS CR consists of three areas (sciences about inanimate nature, life sciences, and humanities), each with three sections. Each of these 9 sections contains from 4 up to 8 institutes. An institut splits further to departments, laboratories, or working teams, depending on the size and the topic of the institute.

The Area of the Sciences About Inanimate Nature

Section 1: Mathematics, Physics, and Informatics

Section 2: Applied Physics

  • Institute of Photonics and Electronics AS CR
  • Institute of Physics of Materials AS CR
  • Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR
  • Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR
  • Institute of Scientific Instruments AS CR
  • Institute of Thermomechanics AS CR
  • Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics AS CR

Section 3: Earth Sciences

  • Geophysical Institute AS CR
  • Institute of Geology of the AS CR
  • Institute of Atmospheric Physics AS CR, established in 1964
  • Institute of Geonics AS CR
  • Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics AS CR

The Area of Life Sciences and Chemical Sciences

Section 4: Chemical Sciences

  • Institute of Inorganic Chemistry AS CR
  • J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry of the AS CR (Ústav fyzikální chemie Jaroslava Heyrovského, named after Jaroslav Heyrovský; abbreviated: JHI respectively UFCH JH), established in 1972 – merger of the Institute of Physical Chemistry and the Institute of Polarography
  • Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals AS CR, founded in 1960
  • Institute of Analytical Chemistry AS CR
  • Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR
  • Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry AS CR

Section 5: Biological and Medical Sciences

  • Institute of Biophysics AS CR
  • Biotechnology Institute of the AS CR
  • Institute of Physiology AS CR
  • Institute of Microbiology AS CR
  • Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR
  • Institute of Experimental Medicine AS CR
  • Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR
  • Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics AS CR

Section 6: Biological and Ecological Sciences

  • Biology Centre of the AS CR
  • Institute of Botany AS CR
  • Institute of Vertebrate Biology AS CR
  • Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology of the AS CR

The Area of Humanities and Social Sciences

Section 7: Social Sciences and Economy

Section 8: History

  • Institute of Archaeology of the AS CR (Prague)
  • Institute of Archaeology of the AS CR (Brno)
  • Institute of History AS CR
  • Masaryk's Institute and Archives AS CR
  • Institute of Art History of the AS CR
  • Institute of Contemporary History AS CR

Section 9: Humanities and Philosophy

  • Institute of Ethnology AS CR
  • Institute of Philosophy AS CR
  • Oriental Institute AS CR
  • Institute of Slavonic Studies AS CR
  • Institute of Czech Literature AS CR
  • Institute of Czech Language of the AS CR, (Ústav pro jazyk český), founded in 1946

Literature

  • Franc, Martin; Mádlová, Vlasta (2014). The History of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Pictures / Dějiny Akademie věd v obrazech (in English and Czech). Prague: Academia. ISBN 9788020023407.

References

  1. "OA in the Czech Republic". OpenAIRE. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016.
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