Chodov (Sokolov District)

Chodov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxodof]; German: Chodau) is a town in the Sokolov District of the Czech Republic, on the border with the Karlovy Vary District (both districts lie within the Karlovy Vary Region). It has approximately 13,500 inhabitants. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

Chodov
Town
Saint Lawrence Church

Flag

Coat of arms
Chodov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°14′29″N 12°44′38″E
CountryCzech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictSokolov
First mentioned1195
Government
  MayorPatrik Pizinger
Area
  Total14.25 km2 (5.50 sq mi)
Elevation
418 m (1,371 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
  Total13,394
  Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
357 35
Websitewww.mestochodov.cz

History

Originally a Slavic settlement. Its name was derived from an old Slavic term "choda", which means a road. The Slavic colonisation was not successful and in the Middle Ages this part of Bohemia was colonised by Germans. In the 12th13th century Chodau belongs to the monastery in Waldsassen and in the 14th17th century is ruled locally from Loket (Elbogen). In 1894 Chodau is declared a town and gets the right to use its own coat of arms. Until the end of World War II the town was inhabited practically only by Germans, who were deported from Czechoslovakia after the war. In the '60s a big chemical factory was built 4 km from Chodov in Vřesová and then new districts were built for the Czech and Slovak workers who moved here.

Sights

The most important of them is no doubt St. Lawrence Church, built by the constructor Brauenbock according to the plans of the architect Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer. On the main altar there is a painting by the famous Czech-German artist Peter Johann Brandl. In front of the church we find a 17th-century statue of St. Sebastian and on the main square a statue of the Virgin Mary (1675). The other church in the town belongs to the Protestants, Czech Brethren. Close to the gate of the Protestant church there is a monument to war victims. It was re-erected in 1998 exactly 100 years after its first erection.

Notable people

  • Wenzl Fritsch (1842–1916), founded the town's first photographic studio in 1884
  • Willi Huttig (1909–2001), German photographer and alpinist
  • Heribert Sturm, German archivist and historian

Twin towns — sister cities

Chodov is twinned with:[2]

References

  1. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Chodov. Retrieved 2019-08-24.


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