Chlorine nitrate

Chlorine nitrate, with chemical formula ClNO3 is an important atmospheric gas present in the stratosphere. It is an important sink of chlorine that contributes to the depletion of ozone.

Chlorine nitrate
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Chlorine nitrate
Systematic IUPAC name
Chloro nitrate
Other names
Nitryl hypochlorite
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
ClNO3
Molar mass 97.46
Density 1.65 g/cm3
Hazards
T
C
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

It explosively reacts with metals, metal chlorides, alcohols, ethers, and most organic materials. When it is heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of Cl2 and NOx.

It can be produced by the reaction of dichlorine monoxide and dinitrogen pentoxide at 0 °C [1]:

Cl2O + N2O5 → 2 ClONO2

or by the reaction [2]:

ClF + HNO3 → HF + ClONO2

It can also react with alkenes:

(CH3)2C=CH2 + ClONO2 → O2NOC(CH3)2CH2Cl

Chlorine nitrate reacts with metal chlorides:[3]

4 ClONO2 + TiCl4 → Ti(NO3)4 + 4 Cl2

References

  1. Schmeisser, M.; Ruff, J. K. & Lustig, M. Chlorine(1) Nitrate Inorganic Syntheses, Wiley-Blackwell, https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470132401.ch34, 1967, 127-130
  2. Schack, Carl J. (1967-10-01). "New synthesis of chlorine nitrate". Inorganic Chemistry. 6 (10): 1938–1939. doi:10.1021/ic50056a047. ISSN 0020-1669.
  3. 张青莲 (1991). 《无机化学丛书》第六卷:卤素、铜分族、锌分族. 北京: 科学出版社. pp. P338–341. ISBN 7-03-002238-6.
Salts and covalent derivatives of the nitrate ion
HNO3 He
LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO
3
)
4
C NO
3
,
NH4NO3
O FNO3 Ne
NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar
KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti(NO3)4 VO(NO3)3 Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)3,
Fe(NO3)2
Co(NO3)2,
Co(NO3)3
Ni(NO3)2 Cu(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se Br Kr
RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y(NO3)3 Zr(NO3)4 Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd(NO3)2 AgNO3 Cd(NO3)2 In Sn Sb(NO3)3 Te I Xe(NO3)2
CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2(NO3)2,
Hg(NO3)2
Tl(NO3)3,
TlNO3
Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)3
BiO(NO3)
Po At Rn
FrNO3 Ra(NO3)2   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La(NO3)3 Ce(NO3)3,
Ce(NO3)4
Pr Nd(NO3)3 Pm Sm Eu(NO3)3 Gd(NO3)3 Tb(NO3)3 Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac(NO3)3 Th(NO3)4 Pa UO2(NO3)2 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr


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