Chishima Province

Chishima Province (千島国, Chishima-no kuni) was a province of Japan created during the Meiji Era. It originally contained the Kuril Islands from Kunashiri northwards, and later incorporated Shikotan as well. Its original territory is currently occupied by Russia, and its later territory was renounced in the San Francisco Treaty (see Kuril Islands dispute) except the southernmost four islands.


After 1869, the northern Japanese island was known as Hokkaido;[1] and regional administrative subdivisions were identified, including Chishima Province.[2]


  • Kunashiri (国後郡) (occupied and administered by Russia, see Kuril Island conflict)
  • Etorofu (択捉郡) (occupied and administered by Russia)
  • Furebetsu (振別郡) (dissolved April, 1923 when its villages merged with several villages in Shana and Etorofu districts to form the village of Rubetsu in Etorofu)
  • Shana (紗那郡) (occupied and administered by Russia)
  • Shibetoro (蘂取郡) (occupied and administered by Russia)
  • Shikotan (色丹郡) (split off of Hanasaki District in 1885; currently occupied and administered by Russia)
  • Uruppu (得撫郡) Acquired in Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875), ceded in San Francisco Treaty
  • Shimushiru (新知郡) Acquired in Treaty of Saint Petersburg, ceded in San Francisco Treaty
  • Shumushu (占守郡) Acquired in Treaty of Saint Petersburg, ceded in San Francisco Treaty



  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

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