Chilean frigate O'Higgins (1816)
Model of the frigate O'Higgins from the Museo Naval y Marítimo of the Chilean Navy
|Builder:||Shipyard in Arkhangelsk|
|Launched:||3 July 1816|
|Fate:||Sold to Spain|
|Acquired:||17 August 1817|
|Captured:||20 October 1818|
|Fate:||Captured by Chile in Talcahuano|
|Renamed:||María Isabel (1823)|
|Status:||Sold to Argentina|
|Class and type:||Speshniy-class frigate|
|Tons burthen:||1220 (bm)|
|Length:||48.6 m (159 ft 5 in)|
|Beam:||12.7 m (41 ft 8 in)|
|Draft:||3.9 m (12 ft 10 in)|
The ship was launched in Russia in 1816, as the Speshni-class frigate Patrikii ("Патрикий"). To save time and money, the Russians built her of pine and larch. In 1817 the Russians sold her to Spain, which renamed her María Isabel.
In 1818 María Isabel sailed under Captain Dionisio Capas with a convoy to the coast of Peru. There the First Chilean Navy Squadron, under the command of Manuel Blanco Encalada, captured her at Talcahuano.
The Chileans renamed the ship O'Higgins after Bernardo O'Higgins, the South American Independence leader and first Chilean head of state.
Cochrane also sailed O'Higgins to Acapulco.
On 8 June 1823, O'Higgins suffered severe damage when she collided with the Chilean ship Lautaro in the Bay of Paraíso during a gale.
During 1823, after a conservative coup on 28 January 1823 deposed O'Higgins, the new government under Ramón Freire renamed the frigate María Isabel again.
She was sold to Argentina on 1 April 1826 and refitted in Valparaíso and renamed Buenos Aires, but she never reached Buenos Aires. She sank rounding Cape Horn.
- Lloyd's List №5648.
- "The Marine List". Lloyd's List (5844). 7 October 1823.
- "The Marine List". Lloyd's List (5847). 17 October 1823.
- Website of the Chilean Navy O´Higgins, fragata (1º) Archived 2010-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 28. January 2011
- Gerardo Etcheverry, Principales naves de guerra a vela hispanoamericanas, retrieved 28 January 2011