Central Bohemian Region

The Central Bohemian Region (Czech: Středočeský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague (Czech: Praha), which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Central Bohemia

Středočeský kraj
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St James church

Flag

Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
CapitalPrague
DistrictsBenešov District, Beroun District, Kladno District, Kolín District, Kutná Hora District, Mělník District, Mladá Boleslav District, Nymburk District, Prague-East District, Prague-West District, Příbram District, Rakovník District
Government
  GovernorJaroslava Pokorná Jermanová (ANO)
Area
  Total11,014.97 km2 (4,252.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation
865 m (2,838 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
  Total1,369,332
  Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166-2CZ-ST
Licence plateS
NUTS codeCZ02
GDP per capita (PPS)€ 17,200[2]
HDI (2017)0.847[3]
very high · 7th
Websitewww.kr-stredocesky.cz

The Central Bohemian Region is in the centre of Bohemia. In terms of area, it is the largest region in the Czech Republic, with 11,014 km², almost 14% of the total area of the country. It surrounds the country's capital, Prague, and borders Liberec Region (in the north), Hradec Králové Region (northeast), Pardubice Region (east), Vysočina Region (southeast), South Bohemian Region (south), Plzeň Region (west) and Ústí nad Labem Region (northwest).

Administrative divisions

The Central Bohemian Region is divided into 12 districts:

Districts of the Central Bohemian Region
  Benešov
  Beroun
  Kladno
  Kolín
  Kutná Hora
  Mělník
  Mladá Boleslav
  Nymburk
  Praha-Východ (Prague-East)
  Praha-Západ (Prague-West)
  Příbram
  Rakovník

Příbram District is the region’s largest district in terms of area (15% of the total region’s area), while Prague-West District is the smallest one (5%). In 2019, the region counted in total 1,144 municipalities where of 26 were municipalities with a delegated municipal office. 1,028 municipalities had less than 2,000 inhabitants and they accounted for 41% of the total population of the region. 82 municipalities had a status of town.

Geography

With an area of 11,014 km², the Central Bohemian Region is the largest region of the Czech Republic, occupying 14% of its total area. The region has relatively diversified terrain. The highest point of the region is located on Tok hill (865 m[4]) in Brdy Highlands in the south-eastern part of the region. The lowest point of the region is situated on the water surface of the Elbe River (Czech: Labe) near Dolní Beřkovice.

The region is divided into two landscape types. The north-eastern part is formed by the Polabí lowlands with a high share of land being used for agricultural purposes and deciduous forests. The south-western part of the region is hilly with coniferous and mixed forests.

Important rivers in the region are Elbe, Vltava, Berounka, Jizera and Sázava. On the Vltava river, a series of nine dams (Czech: Vltavská kaskáda) was constructed throughout the 20th century.

The agricultural land accounts for 83.5% of all land in the region, which 11p.p. more than the national average. The highest share of the agricultural land can be found in Polabí, especially in Kolín and Nymburk districts.

There are a number of landscape parks located in the region. Křivoklátsko is the largest and most important landscape park in the region, being at the same time a UNESCO Biosphere Reservation. Another remarkable area is the Bohemian Karst, the largest karst area in the Czech republic, where the Koněprusy Caves (Czech: Koněpruské jeskyně) are located. Finally, a large part of Kokořínsko Landscape Park is situated in the Central Bohemian Region.

Population

As of January 1, 2019 the Central Bohemian Region had 1,369,332 inhabitants and was the most populous region in the country. About 53% of the inhabitants lived in towns or cities. This is the lowest proportion among the regions of the Czech Republic.

Since the second half of the 1990s the areas surrounding Prague have been significantly influenced by suburbanization. High numbers of young people have moved to the region and since 2006 the region has been experiencing a natural population growth. In 2019, the average age in the region was 41.2 years, the lowest number among the regions in the Czech Republic.[1]

The table shows cities and towns in the region that had more than 10,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019):[5]

Name Population Area (km²) District
Kladno69,05437Kladno District
Mladá Boleslav44,48929Mladá Boleslav District
Příbram32,64233Příbram District
Kolín31,69035Kolín District
Kutná Hora20,58033Kutná Hora District
Beroun19,51031Beroun District
Mělník19,48625Mělník District
Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav19,13623Prague-East District
Kralupy nad Vltavou18,19422Mělník District
Benešov16,65647Benešov District
Neratovice16,16320Mělník District
Rakovník15,84619Rakovník District
Slaný15,83435Kladno District
Říčany15,61926Prague-East District
Nymburk15,06321Nymburk District
Poděbrady14,18634Nymburk District
Čelákovice12,26016Prague-East District
Milovice11,83431Nymburk District
Vlašim11,59841Benešov District
Čáslav10,32626Kutná Hora District

Economy

In 2010, the regional GDP per capita was 89.9% of the national average, which is the third highest among the regions of the Czech Republic. Six out of ten employees in the region work in the tertiary sector and the share of this sector on the total employment has been increasing over time. On the other hand, the share of primary and secondary sector has been decreasing. The unemployment rate in the region is in the long-term lower than the national average. As of December 31, 2012 the registered unemployment rate was 7.07%. However, there were considerable differences in the unemployment rate within the region. The lowest unemployment rate was in Prague-East District (3.35%) while the highest in Příbram District (10.10%). The average wage in the region in 2012 was CZK 24,749 (approximately EUR 965).

Industry

The most important branches of industry in the region are mechanical engineering, chemical industry and food industry. Other significant industries are glass production, ceramics and printing. On the other hand, some traditional industries such as steel industry, leather manufacturing and coal mining have been declining in the recent period.

In 2006, 237 industrial companies with 100 or more employees were active in the region. A car manufacturer ŠKODA AUTO a.s. Mladá Boleslav became a company of nationwide importance. Another car manufacturer which is active in the region is TPCA Czech, s.r.o. in Kolín.

Agriculture

The north-eastern part of the region has very favourable conditions for agriculture. The agriculture in the region is oriented especially in crop farming, namely the production of wheat, barley, sugar beet and in suburban areas also fruit farming, vegetable growing and floriculture. Since the beginning of the 1990s the employment in agriculture, forestry and fishing has been decreasing.

Transport

The region has an advantageous position thanks to its proximity to the capital. A significant proportion of region’s population commutes daily to Prague for work or to schools. Compared to other regions, the Central Bohemian region has the densest (and the most overloaded) transport network. The roads and railways connecting the capital with other regions all cross the Central Bohemian region.

Tourism

Central Bohemia official tourist board is based in Husova street 156/21 Prague 1 Old Town. The official website of Central bohemia is www.centralbohemia.eu (Currently under reconstruction). There are also social pages on Faceboook and Instagram.

Castles

References

  1. "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. "GDP per inhabitant in 2006 ranged from 25% of the EU27 average in Nord-Est in Romania to 336% in Inner London" (PDF). Eurostat. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2009-03-25.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.

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