Brassica carinata

Brassica carinata (Ethiopian rape,[1] Ethiopian mustard, Abyssinian mustard) is a member of the genus Brassica. It is believed to be a hybrid between Brassica nigra and Brassica oleracea.[2]

Brassica carinata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species:
B. carinata
Binomial name
Brassica carinata

The flowers attract honey bees to collect pollen and nectar.

Leaf Uses

The plant has a mild flavor, and is eaten as a leaf vegetable. It is known as habesha gomen, (Ethiopic: ሐበሻ ጎመን) in Amharic.[3] Named varieties include Texsel, which is particularly adapted to temperate climates.[4]

Seed Uses

Although Brassica carinata is cultivated as an oilseed crop in Ethiopia,[5] it has high levels of undesirable glucosinolates and erucic acid.[6] The closely related Brassica napus (Rapeseed) is considered a better oilseed crop in comparison.

Brassica carinata has been used to develop an aviation biofuel for jet engines.[7] On October 29, 2012, the first flight of a jet aircraft powered completely by biofuel, made from Brassica carinata, was completed.[8][9] The byproduct of Brassica carinata oil production is utilized in protein meal for animal fodder.[10]

References

  1. "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. Prakash, S. and Hinata, K. (1980), "Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop Brassicas, a review", Opera Botanica, 55:1-57
  3. Zemede Asfaw, "Conservation and use of traditional vegetables in Ethiopia" Archived 2012-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, Proceedings of the IPGRI International Workshop on Genetic Resources of Traditional Vegetables in Africa (Nairobi, 29–31 August 1995)
  4. Plants for a Future (2008-06-10). "Brassica carinata".
  5. Alemaheyu, N. and Becker, H. (2002), "Genotypic diversity and patterns of variation in a germplasm material of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun)", Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 49(6):573-582
  6. Getinet, A., Rakow, G., Raney, J. P. and Downey, R. K.(1997) "Glucosinolate content in interspecific crosses of Brassica carinata with B. juncea and B. napus", Plant Breeding 116 (1):39–46
  7. Lane, James (18 April 2012), "Tinker, tailor, sailor, fly", BioFuels Digest, retrieved 31 January 2015
  8. http://www.asdnews.com/news-46032/First_solely-biofuel_jet_flight_raises_clean_travel_hopes.htm
  9. "NRC Flies World's First Civil Jet Powered by 100 Percent Biofuel". Aero-news Network. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  10. Pratt, Sean (11 May 2017). "Firm eager to ride the 'canola train' with carinata". The Western Producer. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
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