In graph-theoretic mathematics, a biregular graph or semiregular bipartite graph is a bipartite graph for which every two vertices on the same side of the given bipartition have the same degree as each other. If the degree of the vertices in is and the degree of the vertices in is , then the graph is said to be -biregular.
An -biregular graph must satisfy the equation . This follows from a simple double counting argument: the number of endpoints of edges in is , the number of endpoints of edges in is , and each edge contributes the same amount (one) to both numbers.
Every regular bipartite graph is also biregular. Every edge-transitive graph (disallowing graphs with isolated vertices) that is not also vertex-transitive must be biregular. In particular every edge-transitive graph is either regular or biregular.
- Scheinerman, Edward R.; Ullman, Daniel H. (1997), Fractional graph theory, Wiley-Interscience Series in Discrete Mathematics and Optimization, New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc., p. 137, ISBN 0-471-17864-0, MR 1481157.
- Dehmer, Matthias; Emmert-Streib, Frank (2009), Analysis of Complex Networks: From Biology to Linguistics, John Wiley & Sons, p. 149, ISBN 9783527627998.
- Lauri, Josef; Scapellato, Raffaele (2003), Topics in Graph Automorphisms and Reconstruction, London Mathematical Society Student Texts, Cambridge University Press, pp. 20–21, ISBN 9780521529037.
- Réti, Tamás (2012), "On the relationships between the first and second Zagreb indices" (PDF), MATCH Commun. Math. Comput. Chem., 68: 169–188, archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-29, retrieved 2012-09-02.
- Gropp, Harald (2007), "VI.7 Configurations", in Colbourn, Charles J.; Dinitz, Jeffrey H. (eds.), Handbook of combinatorial designs, Discrete Mathematics and its Applications (Boca Raton) (Second ed.), Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 353–355.