Berliet VXB-170

The Berliet VXB-170 is a four-wheel armoured vehicle used primarily as an Internal security vehicle. Developed and initially produced by Berliet until Berliet was merged with Saviem to form Renault Trucks (now Arquus[1] ), it lost to the Saviem VAB the competition to equip the French Army, even though it was cheaper than its competitor. Production stopped after less than 200 vehicles had been produced.

TypeArmoured personnel carrier
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1973 – present
Used byFrance, Gabon, Senegal
Production history
Mass12.7 tonnes (12.5 long tons)
Length5.99 m (19 ft 8 in)
Width2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Height2.05 m (6 ft 9 in)
Passengers6 to 8 troops

Armor7 mm
1 × 7.62 mm machine gun
56 mm grenade launcher
EngineBerliet V800M 8-cylinder diesel engine
170 hp (130 kW)
Power/weight23 hp/t
750 km (470 mi)
Speed85 km/h (53 mph)

Its main user, the French National Gendarmerie, calls it Véhicule blindé à roues de la Gendarmerie ("Gendarmerie wheeled armoured vehicle") or VBRG.

Design history

Designed in the late 1960s under a project [2] maximizing the use of heavy truck components of the Berliet brand in combat vehicles, the VXB 170 (for 170 cv[3]) entered production at the Berliet Bourg-en-Bresse plant.

It was selected in 1972 by the French Gendarmerie but it lost out to the Saviem VAB the competition for equipment of the French Army and, following the merger of Berliet and Saviem under the Renault brand in 1974, became redundant in the brand product offering so production was stopped soon after the Gendarmerie order was complete


There were originally three versions :

  • internal security (procured by the Gendarmerie in 4 versions : basic vehicle, command vehicle, blade vehicle, and winch vehicle);
  • reconnaissance and patrol;
  • light combat.

The VXB was available with hydrojets but this option was never exercised.


Current operators

Former civilian operators

  •  Tunisia - 10 (for police, now retired)

Former evaluation-only operators

See also


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-09-11. Retrieved 2018-12-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. various sources mention a project BL-12 without providing references or specific dates but this seems to be an earlier Berliet program
  3. ie nearly 170 hp
  4. Clerc, Marc. "Histoire et évolution des moyens blindés depuis la deuxième guerre mondiale". Revue de la Gendarmerie nationale (in French). No. 262. pp. 19–29.
  5. "Gilets jaunes. Que sont les VBRG, ces véhicules blindés de la gendarmerie déployés à Paris ?". Ouest France (in French). 8 December 2018.
  6. Stefan, Marx. The VAB Family of Armoured Vehicles: NG and Improved Vehicles, Upgrades. pp. 1–40.
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