Battle of Abancay

The Battle of Abancay was a battle that took place during the Spanish conquest of Peru. Alonso de Alvarado, sent by Francisco Pizarro to relieve the siege of Cusco, was camped at Jauja with five hundred men. He guarded the bridge and a ford on the Rio de Abancay, awaiting Almagro's men. However, the soldier Alvarado placed in command of the ford, Pedro de Lerma, deserted, allowing Almagro to capture Alvarado's force almost intact.[1]:257

Battle of Abancay
Part of The Spanish conquest of Peru
Date12 July 1537
Location
Near Abancay, present-day Peru
Result Decisive victory for Nueva Toledo
Belligerents
Nueva Castilla Nueva Toledo
Commanders and leaders
Alonso de Alvarado (POW) Diego de Almagro
Rodrigo Orgóñez
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown, but probably higher Unknown

After emerging as the victor both in the siege of Cuzco and from initial disputes between the Pizarro brothers with allies and the Almagristas under Diego de Almagro, who had seized the former Inca capital upon rescuing Hernando Pizarro and Gonzalo Pizarro from emerging defeat, imprisoning them both.[2]

Unable to break the siege on his own, and having lost his youngest brother, Pizarro gathered a new army from Spanish settlers traveling to New Castile to find further wealth. The expedition force, commanded by Alonso de Alvarado, was completely defeated by Almagrist forces.

Alvarado was captured during the battle but managed to escape with Gonzalo Pizarro when Marshal Almagro left the main force with Hernando under his control.[1] Hernando was later released as well with the condition that he would return to Spain within six weeks to ensure Francisco would not interfere in Almagro's future reign in Peru.[1] This proved to be a mistake as the Pizarro brothers and Alvarado raised another army and faced Almagro yet again in a struggle for power at Las Salinas.[3]

References

  1. William Hickling Prescott; William Robertson; George Ticknor (1904). "Chapter 1" (Ebook). History of the Conquest of Peru: Book 4 – Civil Wars Of The Conquerors. J. B. Lippincott. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
  2. Thomas Salmon (1746). Modern history or the present state of all nations, Volume 3 (Book). p. 324.
  3. William Hickling Prescott; William Robertson; George Ticknor (1904). "Chapter 2" (Ebook). History of the Conquest of Peru: Book 4 – Civil Wars Of The Conquerors. J. B. Lippincott. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
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