|Coordinates: 33°48′57″N 84°38′10″W|
|• Total||5.98 sq mi (15.50 km2)|
|• Land||5.97 sq mi (15.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)|
|Elevation||928 ft (283 m)|
|• Density||1,103/sq mi (425.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0354416|
The area that is now Austell was frequented by game hunters and trappers on their way to the area's salt licks. These early visitors claimed the area's waters had medicinal properties. It soon became a destination for therapeutic healing, leading to the founding of a town known as Salt Springs. As immigration increased and demand for land near the spring grew, G. O. Mozely donated and subdivided 40 acres (16 ha) of his land, enhancing the loose settlement with a street plan. Later, the spring was renamed Lithia Springs due to the water containing lithium carbonate, and the neighboring city of Lithia Springs was founded in 1882. In 1888, the lithia spring water was bottled and sold under the commercial name Bowden Lithia Spring Water. The historic lithia spring water is still bottled and sold under the name brand Lithia Spring Water. The Georgia Pacific Railway chose the town of Austell to be a station depot, being the dividing point for the major Birmingham and Chattanooga railway lines.
Austell was incorporated in 1885. The town is named for General Alfred Austell (1814–1881), in recognition of his efforts to bring major railways to the South. General Austell also founded the Atlanta National Bank (later renamed First Atlanta), which eventually became part of Wachovia and later Wells Fargo through various mergers and acquisitions. General Austell is buried in an elaborate Gothic Revival-style mausoleum at the highest point in Atlanta's Oakland Cemetery.
In 2009, Sweetwater Creek flooded, destroying many homes and businesses in the Austell area.
Austell is located along the southern border of Cobb County at 33°48′57″N 84°38′10″W (33.815905, −84.636242). A small portion of the city extends south into Douglas County. It is bordered by Lithia Springs to the south and Mableton to the east. The city of Powder Springs is 4 miles (6 km) to the northwest. U.S. Route 78 passes through the city, leading east 15 miles (24 km) to downtown Atlanta and west 8 miles (13 km) to Douglasville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Austell has a total area of 6.0 square miles (15.5 km2), of which 0.015 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.24%, is water.
According to the Köppen classification, Austell has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and mild, but occasionally cold winters by the standards of the southern United States. The city experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are hot and humid, with a July daily average of 89 °F (32 °C). In a normal summer it is not unusual for temperatures to exceed 90 °F (32 °C). Winters are mild, windy, with some warm, sunny days and occasional snow, with a January average high of 50 °F (10 °C) and low of 30 °F (−1 °C). Occasionally, high temperatures will struggle to reach 40 °F (4 °C), and nights can dip into the teens. Subzero temperatures are very uncommon and only occur once every decade or so.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,359 people, 2,009 households, and 1,386 families residing in the city. The population density was 942.1 people per square mile (363.6/km²). There were 2,144 housing units at an average density of 376.9 per square mile (145.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is: Black alone – 3,593 (54.6%) White alone – 1,932 (29.4%) Hispanic – 782 (11.9%) Two or more races – 134 (2.0%) Asian alone – 96 (1.5%) Other race alone – 22 (0.3%) American Indian alone – 13 (0.2%) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone – 9 (0.1%)
There were 2,009 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 37.0% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,933, and the median income for a family was $39,635. Males had a median income of $31,750 versus $22,944 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,924. About 11.0% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
The economy of Austell in its early years was largely tied to the rail depot, transferring people and goods and allowing many residents to commute to nearby Atlanta in pursuit of higher paying, more abundant jobs. Passengers no longer move by rail to or from Austell, though. Other industry includes recycling paper and plastics with exports going as far as China.
Arts and culture
The City of Austell holds an annual July 4 fireworks celebration.
Points of interest
The Collar Community Center located near downtown is used for civic organizations and local get-togethers. South Cobb Recreation Center is a 21,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) facility that offers a gym, two multipurpose rooms, a caterer's kitchen, six offices, a conference room, three restrooms and a lobby. It has an occupational capacity of 939.
During summer, softball games are nearly a continual occurrence with city leagues having 30 games and 450 players. In addition to cheerleading, 32 teams of over 500 youths are sponsored by the Sweetwater Vally Youth Association. Five lighted fields accommodate baseball and softball aficionados. Collar Park and Washington Street Park both have tennis courts.
Parks and recreation
The Austell Parks and Recreation Department maintains five recreational facilities and seven parks Berry Park, a passive park, Collar Park and Legion Park which are both community parks, and Pine Street, Stephens, Washington Street and Berry Park which are neighborhood parks. Combined, they all cover an area of 36.2 acres (14.6 ha).
Public education in Cobb County is handled by the Cobb County School District. Public schools in the city limits include Austell Primary School, Austell Elementary School, and Garrett Middle School.
Private schools in the city include:
Austell is 4 miles (6 km) north of Interstate 20. It also sits on the divergence of two rail lines, one to Birmingham and the other to Chattanooga.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Austell city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Davis, Fannie Mae Davis (1987). From Indian Trail to Interstate 20, Douglas County History, USA.
- Austell History
- Candler, Allen Daniel; Evans, Clement Anselm (1906). Georgia: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons. State historical association. p. 101.
- Galloway, Tammy H. "Alfred Austell". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- Austell Flood Victim Seeks Answers
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Köppen Classification Map
- "Monthly Averages for Austell, Georgia". Weather Channel. July 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Austell Fire Works
- Collar Community Center
- South Cobb Recreation Center Archived August 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Elected Officials of Austell
- Cobb County School District
- "Where Is Austell?." City of Austell. Retrieved on July 23, 2013.
- Cumberland Christian Academy
- Good Learning Shepherd Center
- Sunbrook Academy at Barnes Mill
- Goddard School Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Fulton County Daily Report Online