Atta or chakki atta is a wholemeal wheat flour, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used to make flatbreads such as chapati, roti, naan, paratha and puri. It is the most widespread flour in the Indian subcontinent.
|Place of origin||Indian subcontinent|
|Region or state||Indian subcontinent|
|Associated national cuisine||India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan|
Atta was traditionally ground in the home on a stone chakki mill. Because this stone milling technique is still used (now typically at industrial scale), atta has more damaged starch than roller milled wheat flours, making the dough sticky. This is useful when using a tandoor, where the flatbread is stuck to the inside of the oven, and also makes chapatis softer as the dough absorbs more water.