- Let A be a commutative Noetherian ring and algebras over A. If C is of finite type over A and if C is finite over B, then B is of finite type over A.
(Here, "of finite type" means "finitely generated algebra" and "finite" means "finitely generated module".) The lemma was introduced by E. Artin and J. Tate in 1951 to give a proof of Hilbert's Nullstellensatz.
with . Then is finite over the -algebra generated by the . Using that and hence is Noetherian, also is finite over . Since is a finitely generated -algebra, also is a finitely generated -algebra.
Without the assumption that A is Noetherian, the statement of the Artin-Tate lemma is no longer true. Indeed, for any non-Noetherian ring A we can define an A-algebra structure on by declaring . Then for any ideal which is not finitely generated, is not of finite type over A, but all conditions as in the lemma are satisfied.