Alulim (Cuneiform: 𒀉𒇻𒅆,Sumerian: a2-lu-lim; Greek: Ἄλωρος, Aloros) was both the first king of Eridu and the first king of Sumer, according to the mythological antediluvian section of the Sumerian King List. Enki, the god of Eridu, is said to have brought civilization to Sumer at this point, or just before.

Ensí of Eridu
The Weld-Blundell Prism is among the most complete versions of the Sumerian King List, and includes the inscription for Alulim.
Reignfl. sometime before c. 2900 BCE, or legendary
Predecessornew creation

The Sumerian King List has the following entry for Alulim:

After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug (Eridu). In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28,800 years.[1][2]

In a chart of antediluvian generations in Babylonian and Biblical traditions, Professor William Wolfgang Hallo of Yale University associates Alulim with the composite half-man, half-fish counselor or culture hero (Apkallu) Uanna-Adapa (Oannes), and suggests an equivalence between Alulim and Enosh in the Sethite genealogy given in Genesis chapter five. Hallo notes that Alulim's name means "stag".[3] Professor William H. Shea suggests that Alulim was a contemporary of the biblical figure Adam, who may have been derived from Adapa of ancient Mesopotamian religion.[4]

See also


  1. Jona Lendering (2006). "Sumerian King List".
  2. Wang, Haicheng (2004). Writing and the Ancient State: Early China in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press. p. 36. ISBN 1107785871. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  3. Hallo, William W. and William Kelly Simpson, The Ancient Near East: A History, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., New York, 1971, p. 32
  4. William H. Shea (1977). "Adam in Ancient Mesopotamian Traditions". Archived from the original on 2011-09-04.
Preceded by
new creation
King of Sumer
fl. sometime before c. 2900 BCE, or legendary
Succeeded by
Ensí of Eridu
fl. sometime before c. 2900 BCE, or legendary
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