Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

The Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, or African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) is an independent international treaty developed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme's Convention on Migratory Species. It was founded to coordinate efforts to conserve bird species migrating between European and African nations, and its current scope stretches from the Arctic to South Africa, encompassing the Canadian archipelago and the Middle East as well as Europe and Africa.

Official Logo
Drafted16 June 1995 (1995-06-16)
LocationThe Hague
Effective1 November 1999 (1999-11-01)
DepositaryGovernment of The Netherlands[1]

The agreement focuses on bird species that depend on wetlands for at least part of their lifecycle and cross international borders in their migration patterns. It currently covers 254 species.[2]



The Parties meet every few years. So far there have been seven meetings:

  • 7–9 November 1999 in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 25–27 September 2002 in Bonn, Germany
  • 23–27 October 2005 in Dakar, Senegal
  • 15–19 September 2008 in Antananarivo, Madagascar
  • 14–18 May 2012 in La Rochelle, France
  • 9–14 November 2015 in Bonn, Germany
  • 4–8 December 2018 in Durban, South Africa


Ban on lead shot

The use of lead shot over wetlands has been banned by the signatories to the convention on account of the poisoning it causes.[3][4]

See also


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Protecting Waterfowl From Lead in Wetlands: A Practical Guide to the Lead Shot Regulations in Northern Ireland" (PDF). Ireland: Countryside Alliance. 24 April 2009. Archived from the original (pdf) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  4. "Phasing Out The Use of Lead Shot For Hunting in Wetlands: Experiences Made and Lessons Learned By AEWA Range States" (pdf). AEWA. 5 November 2009: 3. Retrieved 25 March 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
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