Agile construction

Agile Construction is an integrated system of principles and methods, and a philosophy of doing business adapted to jobsites and overall project delivery in the construction industry. It is born from agile manufacturing and project management, which is mostly used in manufacturing production, automotive and software developing teams.[1] It is the application of the Toyota Production System[2][3] to the construction industry, with two parallel paths: Measuring (ASTM E2691)[4] and improving productivity, as well as segregating and Externalizing Work through prefabrication and supply chain management.

Like the Toyota Production System, Agile Construction principles form is a system that relies on input from the source of the work information, both up front for planning the project, as well as throughout the life of a project for real-time feedback. The real-time input produces real-time measurements of productivity and allows for improved responsiveness to changes on the jobsite. Iterative and incremental Agile Construction methods help manage the design and build of efficient, low-risk processes and activities. This means that each time a process is repeated some changes are made to improve the process. Changes for the better are kept and for the worse are discarded.

The 8 Agile Construction principles[5] are:

  • Agile Construction Project Management
  • Agile Construction Labor productivity measurement[6] and labor productivity improvement
  • Agile Construction Job scheduling and planning[7]
  • Agile Construction Procurement and material management[8]
  • Agile Construction Externalizing Work, through Prefabrication[9] (components or parts pre-assembled off-site by suppliers or in a prefab shop to, reduce time, risk and complexity)
  • Agile Construction Labor management and labor composite rate reduction (the average cost of a job crew member to the company per unit of time)
  • Agile Construction Estimation accuracy and improvement [10]
  • Agile Construction Project financial management [11]

Agile Construction principles help contractor's to make processes visible, measurable and manageable to improve the ability to rapidly adapt to job site changes, by minimizing the time between when a risk is detected and when it gets corrected.[11] This requires a better mechanism to predict and capture these changes accompanied with a better infrastructure for addressing them.[12] Agile Construction project management[13] can also make gains in pre-design and design phases of construction projects. Accompanied with a well-trained and highly motivated workforce, companies using Agile Construction operations are able to increase responsiveness and productivity, to reduce cost and to deliver a better customer value.[11]

See also


  1. The Profitability of Agile Construction (2006) By (Parviz) Perry Daneshgari & Michelle T. Wilson.Z
  2. Tatsuhiko, Yoshimura (2002). Mizenboushi Method. Japan: JUSE Press.
  3. Ohno, Taiichi (1988). Toyota Production System. New York: Productivity Press.
  4. ASTM E2691 - 11 Standard Practice for Job Productivity Measurement (JPM) - Active Standard ASTM E2691 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.81 Book of Standards Volume: 04.12
  5. Agile Construction for the Electrical Contractor by Dr. Perry Daneshgari PhD ISBN 978-1508939221 (2015)
  6. Reducing Labor Waste with Short Interval Scheduling, Construction Executive Magazine by Dr. Perry Daneshgari & Dr. Heather Moore (2015)
  7. The Secret to Short-Interval Scheduling by Dr. Perry Daneshgari & Dr. Heather Moore - Electrical Construction and Maintenance - Feb 1, 2009
  8. Partnering With Distributors for Efficiency, CE Magazine by Dr. Perry Daneshgari & Dr. Heather Moore (2016)
  9. Impact Prefabrication on Industrial Construction Work by Dr. Perry Daneshgari & Dr. Heather Moore (2015)
  10. Bid to Win: Avoiding Killer Jobs with Better Accuracy, Insights Magazine by Dr. Perry Daneshgari & Dr. Heather Moore (2016)
  11. Daneshgari, Perry (2010). Agile construction for the electrical contractor. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ISBN 0763765627.
  12. How to Build an Agile Foundation for Change (PDF). PriceWaterhouse Coopers. 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  13. Johansson, Mattias Yllén. "Agile project management in the construction industry" (PDF). Royal Institute of Technology. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.