Abydos King List

The Abydos King List, also known as the Abydos Table, is a list of the names of seventy-six kings of Ancient Egypt, found on a wall of the Temple of Seti I at Abydos, Egypt. It consists of three rows of thirty-eight cartouches (borders enclosing the name of a king) in each row. The upper two rows contain names of the kings, while the third row merely repeats Seti I's throne name and nomen.

Besides providing the order of the Old Kingdom kings, it is the sole source to date of the names of many of the kings of the Seventh and Eighth Dynasties, so the list is valued greatly for that reason.

This list omits the names of many earlier pharaohs who were apparently considered illegitimate — such as the Hyksos, Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Smenkhkare, Tutankhamen, and Ay.

Contents of the king list

First Dynasty

Cartouches 1 to 8 Name written in the list Common name
1Meni. Probably King Narmer.Menes
2Teti. Same name in Turin King List.Hor-Aha
3Iti. Same name in Turin King List.Djer
4Ita. Called Itui in Turin King List.Djet
5Septi. Called Qenti in Turin King List.Den
6Meribiap. Called Merbiapen in Turin King List.Anedjib
7Semsu. Called Semsem in Turin King List.Semerkhet.
8Qebeh. Same name in Turin King List.Qa'a.

Second Dynasty

Cartouches 9 to 14 Name written in the list Common name
9Bedjau. Called Baunetjer in Turin King List.Hotepsekhemwy
10Kakau. Same name in Turin King List.Raneb
11Banetjer. Same name in Turin King List.Ninetjer
12Wadjnas. Name damaged in Turin King List.Weneg
13Sendi. Called Senedj in Turin King List.Senedj
14Djadjay. Called Bebti in Turin King List.Khasekhemwy

Third Dynasty

Cartouches 15 to 19 Name written in the list Common name
15Nebka. Same name in Turin King List.Nebka
16Djeser-za. Djoser-it in Turin King List.Djoser
17Teti. Djoser-ti in Turin King List.Sekhemkhet
18Sedjes. Hudjefa in Turin King List.Khaba
19Neferkara. Huni in Turin King List.Huni

Fourth Dynasty

Cartouches 20 to 25 Name written in the list Common name
20Sneferu. Senefer in Turin King List.Sneferu
21Khufu. Name missing in Turin King List.Khufu
22Djedefre. Name missing in Turin King List.Djedefre
23Khafra. Incomplete name in Turin King ListKhafra
24Menkaura. Name missing in Turin King List.Menkaura
25Shepseskaf. Name missing in Turin King List.Shepseskaf

Fifth Dynasty

Cartouches 26 to 33 Name written in the list Common name
26Userkaf. Name partially lost in Turin king list.Userkaf
27Sahure. Name lost in Turin King List.Sahure
28KakaiNeferirkare Kakai
29NeferefreNeferefre
30NyuserreNyuserre Ini
31MenkauhorMenkauhor Kaiu
32Djedkare. Djed in Turin King List.Djedkare Isesi
33Unis. Same name in Turin King List.Unas

Sixth Dynasty

Cartouches 34 to 39 Name written in the list Common name
34TetiTeti
35UserkareUserkare
36MeryrePepi I Meryre
37MerenreMerenre Nemtyemsaf II
38NeferkarePepi II Neferkare
39Merenre SaemsafMerenre Nemtyemsaf II

Eighth Dynasty

Cartouches 40 to 47 Name written in the list Common name
40NetjerikareNetjerkare
41MenkareMenkare
42NeferkareNeferkare II
43Neferkare NebyNeferkare Neby
44Djedkare ShemaiDjedkare Shemai
45Neferkare KhenduNeferkare Khendu
46MerenhorMerenhor
47SneferkaNeferkamin
Cartouches 48 to 56 Name written in the list Common name
48NikareNikare
49Neferkare TereruNeferkare Tereru
50NeferkahorNeferkahor
51Neferkare PepisenebNeferkare Pepiseneb
52Sneferka AnuNeferkamin Anu
53KaukaraQakare Ibi
54NeferkaureNeferkaure II
55NeferkauhorNeferkauhor
56NeferirkareNeferirkare

Eleventh/Twelfth Dynasty

Cartouches 57 to 61 Name written in the list Common name
57NebhepetreMentuhotep II
58SankhkareMentuhotep III
59SehetepibreAmenemhat I
60KheperkareSenusret I
61NubkaureAmenemhat II
Cartouches 62 to 65 Name written in the list Common name
62KhakheperreSenusret II
63KhakaureSenusret III
64NimaatreAmenemhat III
65MaakherureAmenemhat IV

Eighteenth Dynasty

Cartouches 66 to 74 Name written in the list Common name
66NebpehtiraAhmose I
67DjeserkaraAmenhotep I
68AakheperkaraThutmose I
69AakheperenraThutmose II
70MenkheperraThutmose III
71AakheperuraAmenhotep II
72MenkheperuraThutmose IV
73NebmaatraAmenhotep III
74Djeserkheperura
Setepenra
Haremheb

Nineteenth Dynasty

Cartouches 75 and 76 Name written in the list Common name
75MenpehtiraRamesses I
76MenmaatraSeti I

See also

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