1883 Egyptian parliamentary election

A three-stage parliamentary election was held in Egypt in 1883, with 13.3% of the population eligible to vote.[1]

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Electoral system

The country's electoral system was designed by Lord Dufferin, who was said by The Times to have "adopted the design of a pyramid".[2] The first stage of the election involved the election of one "election delegate" (for which there was no eligibility criteria) in around 4,300 village constituencies.[2] A total of 797,571 citizens were eligible to vote in the first stage.[2] The delegates then met in the provincial capitals to elect a Provincial Council. The fourteen Provincial Councils then elected one member each to the Legislative Council.[2]

Cairo was divided into twelve quarters, with each quarter holding one delegate, with 65,016 people eligible to vote.[2] The twelve delegates then elected a single member of the Legislative Council.[2] Alexandria was divided into four quarters, each electing a delegate. Together with the single delegates elected from Damietta, Port Said, Rosetta, Suez, El Arish and Ismailia, they elected one member of the Legislative Council.[2]

Provincial Councils

The country had fourteen Provincial Councils with between three and eight members. Only delegates were eligible to be elected to the councils, with the additional criteria that prospective members had to be over the age of 30, literate, pay at least £50 of land tax a year and not be a soldier or functionary.[2]

Province Registered voters Electors Councillors
Asyut78,5893307
Beheira33,8323115
Beni Suef20,9652004
Dakahlia80,1324516
Eaneh15,4821634
Faiyum30,265903
Gallioubieh25,0321644
Gharbia Governorate144,5345448
Giza42,0732024
Girga108,9916465
Minya14,1852904
Monufia105,4713456
Qena26,6201144
Sharqia71,4004456
Total797,5714,29570
Source: The Times[2]

Legislative Council

The Legislative Council was composed of 30 members, 14 of which were elected by the Provincial Councils, 14 appointed by the Khedive on the advice of his ministers, one elected by the Cairo delegates and one elected by the delegates from the seven other cities.[2] It met six times a year, starting in February, then in every other month.[2]

General Council

A General Council was also convened. This had 84 members, consisting of the eight ministers of the Khedive, the 30 members of the Legislative Council, and a further 46 members elected by electors from the village constituencies, cities and towns.[2] The same eligibility criteria as the Provincial Councils was applied to members, except for the land tax requirement, which was reduced to £20 in Cairo and Alexandria and zero for the rest of the country.[2]

Supplmentary General Council members by electoral district
Area Members
Cairo4
Alexandria3
Damietta1
Rosetta1
Suez/Port Said1
Ismailia/El Arish1
Lower Egypt provinces20
Upper Egypt provinces15
Total46
Source: The Times[2]

References

  1. Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Erster Halbband, p293 (in German)
  2. "The New Egyptian Institutions", The Times, 10 October 1883, p8, Issue 30947
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